23 Facts About Nigeria That You May Not Know

Nigeria National Flag

1. Total Area: 

923,768 km2 (356,669 sq mi)

2. Capital:


3. Currency: 

Naira (₦) (NGN)

4. Highest Point: 

The highest point is Chappal Waddi at 7936 ft (2,419 meters above the sea), Located in Taraba State, near the country’s border with Cameroon, in the Gashaka Gumti Forest Reserve and Gashaka-Gumti National Park on the Mambilla Plateau

in the Gashaka Gumti Forest Reserve and Gashaka Gumti National Park on the Mambilla Plateau
Chappal Waddi

5. Largest Lake:

Oguta Lake Located in Imo State

Oguta Lake
Ariel View of Oguta Lake

6. Who designed the Nigerian Flag?

Taiwo Akinkunmi in 1959

Taiwo Akinkunmi Easy Resize.com
Taiwo Akinkunmi

7. National Animal

The Eagle

The people of Nigeria believe that the eagle is a sign of great strength.

The Eagle

8. National Bird

The National Bird of Nigeria is the Black-crowned crane.

Out of the world’s fifteen species of cranes, only the black-crowned crane (Balearica pavonina) is found in Nigeria and is also among the most beautiful birds in the world.

Nigerians see these birds as signs of prosperity.

Black-crowned crane
Black-crowned crane

9. Official Name

The name Nigeria is derived from Niger, which is the longest river in West Africa. The official name for Nigeria is the Federal Republic of Nigeria

10. Biggest Export

Nigeria’s biggest export is crude oil, a commodity that represents three-quarters (75.4%) of its total exported goods by value.

11. Longest Bridge in Africa

Nigeria has the longest bridge in Africa (3rd Mainland Bridge)


12. Richest Black Person

Nigeria’s Aliko Dangote is the richest Black person in the world, with a net worth of $16.1bn

Aliko Dangote

Some More Interesting Facts

13. Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and it’s the 7th most populated nation in the world.

14. There are over 250 ethnic groups in Nigeria

15. Nigeria is the fourth country in the world with the most languages.

16. Yorubas from Nigeria and their bloodlines worldwide have the highest rate of twinning (having twins) in the world.

download 30
Identical twins Taiwo Adejare and Kehinde Adejare pose for a picture in Igbo Ora, Oyo State, Nigeria, April 4, 2019. Twins are common in the Yoruba ethnic group that dominates southwest Nigeria.

17. Nigeria has the highest-paid Government legislators in the world.

18. A trip to the United Kingdom from Nigeria didn’t require a travelling visa until 1984 and a ticket to London was also less than N100 in 1975.

19. Nigeria once had a National Motto as “Peace, Unity, Freedom”. This was changed in 1978 to “Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress”

20. On 29 May 2015, Muhammadu Buhari was sworn in as President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the 15th head of state after winning the general election.

21. In 1976, 60 kobo equalled a US dollar and 75 kobo was one British Pound In 1976

22. Four satellites have been launched by the Nigerian government into outer space.

Nigeria Sat 2

23. There was Civil War in Nigeria Between 1967 and 1970



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