Developed by the
Nigerian Educational Research and Development Council (NERDC)
|a. Aims of Crop improvement:|
– to increase yield,
– improve quality of produce, etc.
b. Method of crop improvement:
– proper timing of planting;
– adoption of better cultivation
c. Mendel’s law of inheritance
i. Definition of some genetic terms
– Character or traits,
chromosomes, genes, etc.
ii. Mendel’s 1st law of segregation
iii. Mendel’s 2nd law of independent
assortment of genes (give examples)
d. Advantages and Disadvantages of
|a. Meaning of animal improvement|
b. Aims of animal improvement
c. Method of animal improvement
ii. Selection – types of selection
iii. Breeding – Types
d. Meaning of artificial insemination:
– methods of collecting semen
– Advantages and disadvantages of
|3.||Animal Health |
|a. Meaning of disease|
b. Casual organisms
c (i). Factors that could predispose
animals to diseases:
– Health status of animals
– Management etc.
c (ii). Reactions of animals to diseases:
susceptibility and resistance to
d. Symptoms, effects and mode of
transmission of selected diseases e.g.
(i) Viral diseases – foot and mouth,
rinderpest, Newcastle etc.
(ii) Bacterial – Anthrax, brucellosis,
(iii) Protozoa – trypanosomiasis,
(iv) Fungal – Scabies, ringworm
– Meaning of parasite
– Types of parasites
– Modes of transmission and life cycle
of some selected livestock parasites.
f. General methods of prevention and
control of diseases and parasites:
– Quarantine, inoculation, etc.
g. Control of Parasites:
Dipping, drenching, spraying and
|4.||Aquaculture||a. Meaning of Aquaculture|
b. Different types of Aquaculture
– Fish farming
– Shrimp farming
– Crab farming etc.
c. Meaning of fish farming
d. Importance of fish farming
e. Conditions necessary for siting
a fish pond:
– adequate water supply, soil,
f. Establishment and maintenance of
g. Fishery regulations
– meaning and regulations like
close season, catch quota, regular stocking
h. Fishing methods and tools
|a. Meaning of Apiculture or Bee-keeping|
b. Types of Bees:
i. An indigene is a person, animal, or plant that is native or original to a particular area or region; basically, it refers to someone or something that originates or is naturally... More bees
ii. Exotic bees
c. Importance of Bee-keeping
– job/wealth creation
– bees and bee products are medicinal
d. Methods of bee-keeping:
– traditional method
– modern bee-keeping
e. Bee-keeping equipment:
i..e. Bee hives, Hive tools like suits,
smokers, jungle boots, brushes etc.
f. Precautionary measures in bee-keeping
– Locate apiaries far from human dwellings
– put warning symbols near your apiary etc.