SS1 Biology Scheme of Work for First Term

The table below is the SS1 Biology Scheme of Work for First Term.

Developed by the

Nigerian Educational Research and Development Council (NERDC)

Sub: Theme
Living Things
a. Characteristics of
Living things.

b. Difference between
Plants and Animals.

c. Organization of life.

i. Levels of organisation
of life
– Cell (Euglena,
– Tissue (hydra)
– Organ (Onion bulb,
the heart of a cow)
– System (e.g. digestive
system, ecretory system)

ii. Complexity of
organisation in higher
organisms: advantages &
2Classification of
Living Things
Kingdoms Monera,
Protista, Fungi,
Plantae & Animalia
a. Kingdom Monera
(Prokaryotes): single-celled,
motile or non-motile organisms.
No definite nucleus.
Bacteria & blue-green algae
make up this kingdom.

b. Kingdom Protista
(Eukaryotes): single-celled,
motile or non-motile organisms.
Complex cell structure
with definite nucleus.
e,g Chlamydomonas &

c. Kingdom Fungi
mainly non-motile organisms
composed of hyphae containing
nuclei e.g. moulds, mushrooms
and rhizopus.

d. Kingdom Plantae
(Eukaryotes): many-celled,
non-motile organisms which
contain chlorophyll that enables
them to photosynthesize.
Members include mosses,
ferns, pines, oil palms and
yam plants.

e. Kingdom Animalia
(Eukaryotes) many-celled,
motile organisms that feed on
other organisms.
Members include corals, worms,
insects, snails, fishes, frogs,
snakes, monkeys and cows.
3.The Cella. Cell as a living unit of an

b. Forms in which living cells
– Independent organisms
– as a colony
– as a filament

c. Cell Structure
– the cell theory
– cell structure and functions
of cell components.
– differences and similarities
between plant and animal cells
4.The Cell &
its Environment
a. Diffusion
– definition
– process
– significance

b. Osmosis
– diffusion of water through a
selectively permeable membrane
– haemolysis
– plasmolysis
– osmometer with living material
– biological significance of
these processes
5.Some properties
& Functions of
the Cell
Feeding definition
and types
– micronutrients
– macronutrients


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