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Topic Content:

  • Branches/Areas of Agriculture

Here are the main Branches of Agriculture:

  • Crop Science.
  • Animal Science.
  • Soil Science.
  • Horticulture.
  • Fishery.
  • Forestry and Wildlife.
  • Veterinary Medicine.
  • Agricultural Engineering.
  • Agricultural Education.
  • Agricultural Economics.
  • Agricultural Extension.
Branches/areas of agriculture
A Tree representing Branches/Areas of Agriculture.

1. Crop Science:

This is the study of how crops are grown and used by man and animals. It gives the farmer the knowledge of how crops are grown, from planting to harvesting and storage. The farmer uses this knowledge to take care of the crops. One who studies crop science is called a crop scientist. Areas of crop science include:

Plant breeding: Plant breeding is the art and science of improving important agricultural plants for the benefit of humankind.

Agronomy: Agronomy is the science and technology of producing and using plants by agriculture for food, fuel, fiber, chemicals, recreation, or land conservation.

Pathology: Plant pathology (also phytopathology) is the scientific study of diseases in plants caused by pathogens (infectious organisms) and environmental conditions.

Entomology: Agricultural entomology is a subdivision of Entomology which is the study of pests and beneficial insects of field crops, fruits and vegetables.

crop scientist

2. Animal Science/Animal Husbandry:

Animal science, also known as Animal husbandry, deals with the study of the production of farm animals which are called livestock. These farm animals include sheep, poultry, cows, sheep, fish, pigs, rabbits, etc. Farm animals are of great importance to any economy because they supply milk, meat, and eggs which are important protein sources, while their hides and skin are used to make clothes, leather, etc. One who studies animal science is called an animal scientist.


3. Soil Science:


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