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Topic Content:

  • Growing Crops
    • Shifting Cultivation, Crop Rotation, Mono-cropping, Mixed Cropping
  • Livestock Rearing
  • Rearing of Fish
  • Saving of Farm Produce

1. Growing Crops:

The form of agriculture practised in an area depends on the size of the farm, purpose, availability of land, topography of the land, climatic conditions, and soil type. Growing crops involves the principles and practices of crop production.

Some farmers grow perennial or permanent crops such as cocoa, rubber, oil palm trees, coconut, kola, citrus, and cashew. A subsistence farmer does not have an interest in taking loans and uses crude implements (simple farm tools) such as hoe, cutlass, rake, etc., as tools for farm production. While a commercial farmer produces for the market in large quantities to generate more income. He or she takes loans from banks and uses modern implements on the farm.

Techniques in growing crops include:

a. Shifting Cultivation: It involves the cultivation of a piece of land for some years. When the soil fertility begins to decline, the land is abandoned and left to fallow. During the period of fallow, the soil regains its fertility, the farmer returns to the piece of land after many years to farm again.


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