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(a) Pastoral Farming:

Pastoral Farming

This branch of agriculture deals with the raising or grazing of livestock, such as; cows, sheep, goats, etc. Livestock farming involves the raising of animals for human benefits.

Types ofPastoral Farming.

There are three types of pastoral farming namely, Nomadic herding, Ley farming, and Ranching.

Let’s take a look at the types of Pastoral farming.

1. Nomadic Farming: This involves the herdsman moving from place to place, with his animals, in search of greener pastures and water supply. It is practiced by the Fulani tribe of Northern Nigeria.

Normadic Herdsmen

2. Ranching: Here, animals are kept on a large but enclosed expanse of land, where food, water, maintenance, and drugs are provided for the animals.

Cattle Ranching

3. Ley Farming: In this system, pasture crops are alternated with crop production. The pasture in this system is usually a mixture of grasses and legumes.

Ley Farming

(b) Arable Farming:

Arable farming only deals with the cultivation and production of crops. It does not involve the rearing of livestock. The crops grown by arable farmers are useful to both human beings and animals.It can be performed on a small scale, commercial, or on large agricultural farms.

This farming practice is mainly used to fulfill the rising demand for food and a healthy lifestyle. It mainly involves the cultivation of annual crops, for example, vegetables, grains, legumes, and potatoes.

There are two major types of crop farming:

1. Food crops.

2. Cash crops.

Arable Farming

(c) Apiculture or Bee Farming:

This deals with the management and keeping of bees to provide honey for human consumption.

apiculture jss1 Agric science

(d) Heliculture:

This is the rearing of snails for the provision of meat. Snails are found to be very rich in protein and low in sodium and fat.


(e) Horticulture:

This is the science of growing flowers, fruits, vegetables, and ornamental plants.

Ornamental Plants are also referred to as garden plants and are grown to beautify the environment. They are usually grown in the flower garden for the display of their flowers. Ornamental plants include whistling pine, acalypha, oleander, ixora, lantana, hibiscus, croton, etc.

ornamental plants


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