Quiz 23 of 23

2020 CRK WAEC Theory Past Questions

Responses

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

back-to-top
error:

1a.     Highlight how God changed a formless earth to a place of life and activity.

ANSWER

1a.     God created everything through His command i.e. by the power of His words. The origin of the world and of life was no accident. There is a creator. In Genesis 1, the bible records that at the beginning the earth was without form and void there was nothing in the earth.

God spoke things into things existence the one thing that existed was the face of the waters . It took God 6days to create all that he created. God said, “Let there be light”

Day 1: The light was created and separated from the existing darkness which resulted into day and night.

Day 2: The firmament or heavens were created.

Day 3: The seas, land and vegetation were created according to their kinds and trees bearing fruits.

Day 4: God created the sun, moon and stars. These lights mark the different seasons. The son which is greater light is to govern the day and the lesser light (moon) to govern the night.

Day 5: The birds and fishes were created.

Day 6: Land animals, wild animals were also created. God then made main in His own image and likeness to rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air and all creatures. God blessed them and asked them to be fruitful and multiply.

1b.    State four ways by which humans are destroying God’s creation.

ANSWER

1b.     Ways by which Humans are destroying God’s creation.

  1. Excavation
  2. Illegal mining
  3. Pollution-water
  4. Over exploitation of natural resources

2a.    Outline God’s instruction to Joshua on his assumption of leadership over Israel.

ANSWER

Joshua the son of Nun was one of the tribal leaders sent by Moses to spy out the land of Canaan. Joshua came from the tribe of Benjamin and was before this time called Hoshea, the son of Nun. His name was change to Joshua by Moses after he was chosen to represent his tribe in the delegation to spy out the land.

Moses knew he would not lead the people of Israel into the promised land, because God had already pointed this out to him. The Lord then instructed Moses to take Joshua the son of Nun, lay his hands upon him and make him to stand before the priest, Eleazar and commission in as the successor to Moses and leader of his people. This was done and Joshua was invested with authority, so that the people might respect and obey him.

Shortly, after the death of Moses, the Lord called Joshua and assured him of victory and success in his leadership assignments. He further advised Joshua on the way he should work in order to have good success; God told Joshua: “This book of the law shall not depart out of your mouth but you shall meditate on it day and night that you maybe careful to do according to all that is written in it; For then you shall make your way prosperous and you shall have good success”. (Joshua 1:8). The Lord promised to be with Joshua as He was with Moses. Joshua was to be strong and courageous as he would lead the Israelites to inherit the land promised their forefathers.

2b.    Identify three lessons that political leaders can learn from Joshua’s experience.

ANSWER

  1. Joshua followed detailed instructions of God and of course God always was with him and warned him beforehand. Political leaders should follow the example of Joshua and follow Gods instruction and obey him in everything.
  2. Joshua had strong faith in God. Our leaders should learn to have faith in God.
  3. Joshua was level-headed and prepared to learn and follow the footsteps of his predecessor, Moses. Political leaders be cool-headed and continue the good work of the predecessor, not destroying their legacies.
  4. Joshua was very close to God, he loved God. Before his death, he re-dedicated the people to the service of God. Political leaders should learn to serve God and move their subjects very close to God.
  5. Political leaders should not usurp the political position by force or thuggery but they should be patient like Joshua and wait for their time.

3a. Recount how David resisted taking Saul’s life at the wilderness of Ziph.

ANSWER

After David had killed Goliath in the war between Israelites and Philistines.  David became more popular than Saul, when the women sang to one another as they made merry. “Saul has slain his thousand and David his ten thousand” this song displeased Saul as a result, he became envious of David and he started suspecting him of making an attempt to usurp his throne. Saul decided to eliminate David by all means but God was on the side of David.

David went into hiding in the wilderness of Ziph. However, the people of Ziph revealed to Saul that David had sought refuge among them, Saul then organised three thousand men and set after David. Saul and his soldiers saw them camping on the hill of Hachilah. When David learnt of the arrival of Saul and his soldiers, he sent spies to find out the state of Saul’s preparedness and to ascertain the exact place he laid with his men.

David went with Abishaiat at night and saw Saul lying asleep with Abner, the son of Ner his army commander for the Lord had caused a deep sleep to come over them. Saul’s spear was struck in the ground near his head. Abishai suggested to David that he should be allowed to kill Saul in his sleep. David objected to the idea of slaying Saul, insist that it was wrong to kill the Lord’s anointed instead of killing Saul, David removed his spear and jar of water. David then moved to a safe distance and from there called out to Abener, Saul’s army commander-in-chief and condemned him for sleeping on duty and in efficient as a guard to the King. The absence of the spear and jar of water, confirmed every opportunity to kill the King. Saul then woke up and recognised the voice of David.

Saul repented on hearing the voice of David and he addressed him as his son. David then appealed to Saul to tell him what crime he had committed which caused him to be chased out his land to serve other gods.

Saul saw he was wrong in seeking the life of David. Saul apologised to David.  He regretted his actions against David and promised that he was not going to harm him. He blessed him.

3b. Identify four benefits of self-control.

ANSWER

  1. It brings peace among friends, families and in the nation.
  2. It’s a sign of spirit filled life.
  3. It’s a sign of maturity.
  4. It’s a sign that shows the ability of one to control his impulses and desires.

4a.     Outline Solomon’s prayer at the dedication of the temple.

ANSWER

When Solomon eventually completed the temple, the ark of covenant was brought into the temple and he prayed and dedicated the temple to the Lord. Solomon assembled the elders and leaders of Israel at Jerusalem to bring up the Ark of the covenant out of Zion, the city of David, to keep it in it's place in the temple. The priests and the Levites carried it. It was during the pilgrim feast of Ethanim (Booths or tabernacle) in remembrance of the true the Israelites drive it in tents in the desert.

King Solomon jubilated and sacrificed numerous sheep and oxen during the occasion. The Ark contained two tablets of stone on which the Ten Commandments given to Moses were written. When the priests approached the temple, a cloud which signifies the glory of the Lord filled the temple. Then the King blessed all the assembly of Israel who stood there.

Then Solomon stood before the altar of the Lord in the presence of the assembly of Israel and said a prayer of dedication of the temple, with his hands stretched towards heavens. He praised the Lord God of Israel that there was no God like Him in Heaven and Earth, that He kept His covenant and showed steadfast love for His servants who obeyed His words. He asked God to fulfil His promise that the descendants of David would be on the throne, provided they walked in God’s ways. Solomon observed that the vast high heavens could not accommodate God in His majesty, how much less the temple built by his servant. However, he appealed to God to hear his prayer to Him that day that the Lord would at every time have His eyes on the temple associated with His name, to hear the prayers and supplications of His people from His dwelling place in Heaven. He asked God to forgive the sinner who showed repentance in this temple. If the Israelites are defeated by their enemies as a result of their sins, when they pray to God in the temple and repent of their sins, God would forgive and restore them to their land.

He also prayed that if there is famine or disaster of all types including locust, plagues and any sickness when the people pray stretching their hands towards the temple, God would head to their prayers. He asked God to always hearken to the prayers of the Israelites declared as his special heritage through Moses when their fathers were brought out of Egypt.

4b.    In what three ways can leaders use resources for the development of the society.

  1. Providing/creating jobs.
  2. Provision of social amenities.
  3. Building projects.
  4. Avoiding bribery and corruption.
  5. Funds allocated should be used for its purpose.
  6. Free education for all.

5a.     Do not be afraid; henceforth you will be catching men. Describe the circumstances under which the above statement was made.

ANSWER

Jesus was standing by the lake of Genesaret as the people pressed upon Him to hear the word of God. He saw two boats and the fishermen had gone out of the boats to wash their nets. Jesus entered Simon Peter’s boat and taught the people from the boat. He later directed Simon to put his net into the sea for a catch. Simon complained that they had toiled all night without catching any fish but in obedience to God's instruction of Jesus, he launched into the deep and caught a large shoal of fish to the point of breaking their nets. Their neighbours had to help them to bring out the fishes. They filled the boat and it was almost sinking.

When Simon Peter saw it, he was astonished and fell on the ground. He addressed Jesus saying, “Depart from me, For I am a sinful man, O Lord”. Jesus said to Peter, “Do not be afraid, henceforth you will be catching men”. After bringing out their boat to the land, they left everything and followed Him.

5b.     Mention three factors that prevent people from becoming committed Christians.

ANSWER

  1. Not willing to give up pleasures and comfort.
  2. Divided loyalty – the kingdom and service of God requires total commitment.
  3. Lack of ability to face persecution.
  4. They don’t have the fear of God in their hearts.
  5. Lack of ability to persevere.
  6. Not being humble before God and His word.

6a.     Describe the burial of Jesus as narrated by Synoptic Gospels.

ANSWER

After Jesus was tried before the high priest, Pilate and the Roman authorities and also before King Herod, He was condemned to die, even though no fault was found on Him. As He was being led to be crucified, Simon of Cyrene was compelled by the soldiers to carry the cross of Jesus behind Him to a place called Golgotha. There Jesus was crucified and the soldiers divided his garments among themselves. A writing was put over the head of the cross and it read. “King of the Jews”. Two robbers were crucified with Him. In the evening, Joseph of Arimathea, a respected member of the council, who was also a friend of Jesus, went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus to go and bury it. He took the body from the cross and wrapped in a linen shawl. He then laid the body in his own rock tomb and covered the entrance with stone. The women disciples were there to see where Jesus was laid. The chief priest and the Pharisees requested Pilate to deploy guards to secure the tomb of Jesus. According to them, Jesus had claimed to rise from the grave after three days. After 3 days the women disciples (Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Salome) returned to anoint the body of Jesus and to see where He was laid.

6b.     State three ways in which money is overspent during funerals in the society.

ANSWER

  1. Aso Ebi (special cloth for burial).
  2. Buying expensive coffins.
  3. Renovation of buildings or compound.
  4. Invitation of mourners (special or professional undertakers).
  5. Lavishing of money on food, drinks etc. even souvenirs.

7a.     Describe the circumstances under which Peter was rescued from prison.

ANSWER

Herod Agrippa was Herod the Great's grandson. His opposition to the gospel consisted of the murder of James the brother of John and the arrest of Peter. Herod had the intention of pleasing the Jews by killing Peter after the feast of unleavened bread. Due to the church's prayers for him, Peter was released by an angel. The night before the day Herod planned to kill Peter, as Peter was sleeping the angel of the Lord appeared to Peter and asked him to dress up and put on his sandals. The angel led Peter out of the prison iron gate into the city, the gate opened on its own accord when the angel left, Peter realized that it was an angel of the Lord that had rescued him. Peter then went straight to Mary’s house where some Christians had gathered to pray for him. However, when Peter knocked at the door of her house, Rhoda, the maid saw him and ran to announced to the members of Peter's presence. They did not believe her and thought she was mad. When they confirmed it was Peter, he then joined them (the brethren that were praying for him in the house).

7b.     What three lessons can be learnt from the incident above?

ANSWER

  1. When you pray, things happen.
  2. Prayer changes things.
  3. Prayer is the key to every door.
  4. God answers prayers.
  5. Co-operate prayers = co-operate anointing.
  6. Men ought to pray always and not faint.

8a.     Relate how James addressed the subject of prayer.

ANSWER

(James 1:2 - 8; 5:13 -18).

Prayer is a means of communicating with God. Prayer is very important in the life of a Christian. It is a means of interacting with God and it also serves as a weapon of defence against evil ones. Even in the ministry of Jesus during His earthly ministry, He emphasised much on prayer. He told his disciples to watch and pray.

James advised Christians to pray. And when they pray, they should believe that God would surely do what they ask of Him. No matter the temptation, no matter the suffering, Christians must persevere. They must not doubt because if they doubt they may likely not receive answer to their prayers.

James also emphasised that Christians must not ask wrongly, they must pray according to the will of God and with right motive, for this reason, they should ask for God’s wisdom to direct them in the right thing to ask God. Christians should also confess their sins before God and take decisions to forsake them so that God can hear their prayers, for the Bible says that the prayer of a sinner is an abomination before God. According to St. James the fervent prayer of the righteous has great power in it effects, so to make prayer effective, Christians should endeavour to live a righteous life.

James also advised that anyone suffering should pray and the cheerful should sing hymns and praise God. He also remarked that the sick should be anointed with oil and prayed for by the elders.

Confessional prayers should be made when people perceive they have sinned against God and so they confess their sins with strong determination to forsake such sin.

8b.     State two roles prayer can play in the life of a Christian.

  1. When we pray to God with faith, God grants the petitions of our hearts. We receive answers to our prayers.
  2. Through prayer, we relate with God and fellowship with Him.
  3. Through prayer our sins are forgiven.
  4. Through prayer, we sing praises to God and worship Him.
  5. Prayer delivers the Christians from temptation and from demonic attacks.
  6. For a Christian prayer to be effective, faith, endurance, steadfastness, perfection and wisdom are relevant factors.

9a.     “But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation”. Outline the expectation of Peter from the people described above.

ANSWER

“But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation”. (1 Peter 2:9).

St. Peter referred to Christians as a chosen race. This is because the Jews had lost their privileged position to Christians by their rejection of Jesus Christ. Christians are therefore expected to declare God’s holiness through their lives.

According to Peter, the conduct of Christians, their way of life, everything about them should portray them as a chosen race, a royal priesthood and a holy nation. They should be different, good manners in all. They should manifest Christ in them.

As a chosen race, they are no longer called out to show the light, Christians are the light of the world, as such they shine for the world to see their light and glorify God.

Christians must relate very well with other people who are Christians in the community. Their behaviour should be such that even non-Christians can recognise it as good, and glorify God. Christians must obey all constituted authority. They should carry out their religious and civil responsibilities faithfully.

Peter went further and said that God has set up the authorities to punish wrongdoers and praise those who do right. As men who live under the freedom as a cover up for sin. Peter also states that believers should honour all men and should love their brothers and fear God.

A Christian servant is called to obey his master. A slave should obey his earthly master in all things because obedience to his master is obedience to God. Christians/believers should have patience when they suffer persecution.

Finally, Peter gave example of Jesus Christ, when he suffered Jesus did not complain but He trusted God.

9b.     List four factors that prevent Christians from doing the will of God.

ANSWER

  1. Lack of trust in God.
  2. Lust of the eyes.
  3. Lust of the flesh.
  4. Pride of life.
  5. Prayerlessness.
  6. Bad company/friends.
  7. Disobedience to the word of God.

1a.     Highlight how God changed a formless earth to a place of life and activity.

ANSWER

1a.     God created everything through His command i.e. by the power of His words. The origin of the world and of life was no accident. There is a creator. In Genesis 1, the bible records that at the beginning the earth was without form and void there was nothing in the earth.

God spoke things into things existence the one thing that existed was the face of the waters . It took God 6days to create all that he created. God said, “Let there be light”

Day 1: The light was created and separated from the existing darkness which resulted into day and night.

Day 2: The firmament or heavens were created.

Day 3: The seas, land and vegetation were created according to their kinds and trees bearing fruits.

Day 4: God created the sun, moon and stars. These lights mark the different seasons. The son which is greater light is to govern the day and the lesser light (moon) to govern the night.

Day 5: The birds and fishes were created.

Day 6: Land animals, wild animals were also created. God then made main in His own image and likeness to rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air and all creatures. God blessed them and asked them to be fruitful and multiply.

1b.    State four ways by which humans are destroying God’s creation.

ANSWER

1b.     Ways by which Humans are destroying God’s creation.

  1. Excavation
  2. Illegal mining
  3. Pollution-water
  4. Over exploitation of natural resources

2a.    Outline God’s instruction to Joshua on his assumption of leadership over Israel.

ANSWER

Joshua the son of Nun was one of the tribal leaders sent by Moses to spy out the land of Canaan. Joshua came from the tribe of Benjamin and was before this time called Hoshea, the son of Nun. His name was change to Joshua by Moses after he was chosen to represent his tribe in the delegation to spy out the land.

Moses knew he would not lead the people of Israel into the promised land, because God had already pointed this out to him. The Lord then instructed Moses to take Joshua the son of Nun, lay his hands upon him and make him to stand before the priest, Eleazar and commission in as the successor to Moses and leader of his people. This was done and Joshua was invested with authority, so that the people might respect and obey him.

Shortly, after the death of Moses, the Lord called Joshua and assured him of victory and success in his leadership assignments. He further advised Joshua on the way he should work in order to have good success; God told Joshua: “This book of the law shall not depart out of your mouth but you shall meditate on it day and night that you maybe careful to do according to all that is written in it; For then you shall make your way prosperous and you shall have good success”. (Joshua 1:8). The Lord promised to be with Joshua as He was with Moses. Joshua was to be strong and courageous as he would lead the Israelites to inherit the land promised their forefathers.

2b.    Identify three lessons that political leaders can learn from Joshua’s experience.

ANSWER

  1. Joshua followed detailed instructions of God and of course God always was with him and warned him beforehand. Political leaders should follow the example of Joshua and follow Gods instruction and obey him in everything.
  2. Joshua had strong faith in God. Our leaders should learn to have faith in God.
  3. Joshua was level-headed and prepared to learn and follow the footsteps of his predecessor, Moses. Political leaders be cool-headed and continue the good work of the predecessor, not destroying their legacies.
  4. Joshua was very close to God, he loved God. Before his death, he re-dedicated the people to the service of God. Political leaders should learn to serve God and move their subjects very close to God.
  5. Political leaders should not usurp the political position by force or thuggery but they should be patient like Joshua and wait for their time.

3a. Recount how David resisted taking Saul’s life at the wilderness of Ziph.

ANSWER

After David had killed Goliath in the war between Israelites and Philistines.  David became more popular than Saul, when the women sang to one another as they made merry. “Saul has slain his thousand and David his ten thousand” this song displeased Saul as a result, he became envious of David and he started suspecting him of making an attempt to usurp his throne. Saul decided to eliminate David by all means but God was on the side of David.

David went into hiding in the wilderness of Ziph. However, the people of Ziph revealed to Saul that David had sought refuge among them, Saul then organised three thousand men and set after David. Saul and his soldiers saw them camping on the hill of Hachilah. When David learnt of the arrival of Saul and his soldiers, he sent spies to find out the state of Saul’s preparedness and to ascertain the exact place he laid with his men.

David went with Abishaiat at night and saw Saul lying asleep with Abner, the son of Ner his army commander for the Lord had caused a deep sleep to come over them. Saul’s spear was struck in the ground near his head. Abishai suggested to David that he should be allowed to kill Saul in his sleep. David objected to the idea of slaying Saul, insist that it was wrong to kill the Lord’s anointed instead of killing Saul, David removed his spear and jar of water. David then moved to a safe distance and from there called out to Abener, Saul’s army commander-in-chief and condemned him for sleeping on duty and in efficient as a guard to the King. The absence of the spear and jar of water, confirmed every opportunity to kill the King. Saul then woke up and recognised the voice of David.

Saul repented on hearing the voice of David and he addressed him as his son. David then appealed to Saul to tell him what crime he had committed which caused him to be chased out his land to serve other gods.

Saul saw he was wrong in seeking the life of David. Saul apologised to David.  He regretted his actions against David and promised that he was not going to harm him. He blessed him.

3b. Identify four benefits of self-control.

ANSWER

  1. It brings peace among friends, families and in the nation.
  2. It’s a sign of spirit filled life.
  3. It’s a sign of maturity.
  4. It’s a sign that shows the ability of one to control his impulses and desires.

4a.     Outline Solomon’s prayer at the dedication of the temple.

ANSWER

When Solomon eventually completed the temple, the ark of covenant was brought into the temple and he prayed and dedicated the temple to the Lord. Solomon assembled the elders and leaders of Israel at Jerusalem to bring up the Ark of the covenant out of Zion, the city of David, to keep it in it's place in the temple. The priests and the Levites carried it. It was during the pilgrim feast of Ethanim (Booths or tabernacle) in remembrance of the true the Israelites drive it in tents in the desert.

King Solomon jubilated and sacrificed numerous sheep and oxen during the occasion. The Ark contained two tablets of stone on which the Ten Commandments given to Moses were written. When the priests approached the temple, a cloud which signifies the glory of the Lord filled the temple. Then the King blessed all the assembly of Israel who stood there.

Then Solomon stood before the altar of the Lord in the presence of the assembly of Israel and said a prayer of dedication of the temple, with his hands stretched towards heavens. He praised the Lord God of Israel that there was no God like Him in Heaven and Earth, that He kept His covenant and showed steadfast love for His servants who obeyed His words. He asked God to fulfil His promise that the descendants of David would be on the throne, provided they walked in God’s ways. Solomon observed that the vast high heavens could not accommodate God in His majesty, how much less the temple built by his servant. However, he appealed to God to hear his prayer to Him that day that the Lord would at every time have His eyes on the temple associated with His name, to hear the prayers and supplications of His people from His dwelling place in Heaven. He asked God to forgive the sinner who showed repentance in this temple. If the Israelites are defeated by their enemies as a result of their sins, when they pray to God in the temple and repent of their sins, God would forgive and restore them to their land.

He also prayed that if there is famine or disaster of all types including locust, plagues and any sickness when the people pray stretching their hands towards the temple, God would head to their prayers. He asked God to always hearken to the prayers of the Israelites declared as his special heritage through Moses when their fathers were brought out of Egypt.

4b.    In what three ways can leaders use resources for the development of the society.

  1. Providing/creating jobs.
  2. Provision of social amenities.
  3. Building projects.
  4. Avoiding bribery and corruption.
  5. Funds allocated should be used for its purpose.
  6. Free education for all.

5a.     Do not be afraid; henceforth you will be catching men. Describe the circumstances under which the above statement was made.

ANSWER

Jesus was standing by the lake of Genesaret as the people pressed upon Him to hear the word of God. He saw two boats and the fishermen had gone out of the boats to wash their nets. Jesus entered Simon Peter’s boat and taught the people from the boat. He later directed Simon to put his net into the sea for a catch. Simon complained that they had toiled all night without catching any fish but in obedience to God's instruction of Jesus, he launched into the deep and caught a large shoal of fish to the point of breaking their nets. Their neighbours had to help them to bring out the fishes. They filled the boat and it was almost sinking.

When Simon Peter saw it, he was astonished and fell on the ground. He addressed Jesus saying, “Depart from me, For I am a sinful man, O Lord”. Jesus said to Peter, “Do not be afraid, henceforth you will be catching men”. After bringing out their boat to the land, they left everything and followed Him.

5b.     Mention three factors that prevent people from becoming committed Christians.

ANSWER

  1. Not willing to give up pleasures and comfort.
  2. Divided loyalty – the kingdom and service of God requires total commitment.
  3. Lack of ability to face persecution.
  4. They don’t have the fear of God in their hearts.
  5. Lack of ability to persevere.
  6. Not being humble before God and His word.

6a.     Describe the burial of Jesus as narrated by Synoptic Gospels.

ANSWER

After Jesus was tried before the high priest, Pilate and the Roman authorities and also before King Herod, He was condemned to die, even though no fault was found on Him. As He was being led to be crucified, Simon of Cyrene was compelled by the soldiers to carry the cross of Jesus behind Him to a place called Golgotha. There Jesus was crucified and the soldiers divided his garments among themselves. A writing was put over the head of the cross and it read. “King of the Jews”. Two robbers were crucified with Him. In the evening, Joseph of Arimathea, a respected member of the council, who was also a friend of Jesus, went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus to go and bury it. He took the body from the cross and wrapped in a linen shawl. He then laid the body in his own rock tomb and covered the entrance with stone. The women disciples were there to see where Jesus was laid. The chief priest and the Pharisees requested Pilate to deploy guards to secure the tomb of Jesus. According to them, Jesus had claimed to rise from the grave after three days. After 3 days the women disciples (Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Salome) returned to anoint the body of Jesus and to see where He was laid.

6b.     State three ways in which money is overspent during funerals in the society.

ANSWER

  1. Aso Ebi (special cloth for burial).
  2. Buying expensive coffins.
  3. Renovation of buildings or compound.
  4. Invitation of mourners (special or professional undertakers).
  5. Lavishing of money on food, drinks etc. even souvenirs.

7a.     Describe the circumstances under which Peter was rescued from prison.

ANSWER

Herod Agrippa was Herod the Great's grandson. His opposition to the gospel consisted of the murder of James the brother of John and the arrest of Peter. Herod had the intention of pleasing the Jews by killing Peter after the feast of unleavened bread. Due to the church's prayers for him, Peter was released by an angel. The night before the day Herod planned to kill Peter, as Peter was sleeping the angel of the Lord appeared to Peter and asked him to dress up and put on his sandals. The angel led Peter out of the prison iron gate into the city, the gate opened on its own accord when the angel left, Peter realized that it was an angel of the Lord that had rescued him. Peter then went straight to Mary’s house where some Christians had gathered to pray for him. However, when Peter knocked at the door of her house, Rhoda, the maid saw him and ran to announced to the members of Peter's presence. They did not believe her and thought she was mad. When they confirmed it was Peter, he then joined them (the brethren that were praying for him in the house).

7b.     What three lessons can be learnt from the incident above?

ANSWER

  1. When you pray, things happen.
  2. Prayer changes things.
  3. Prayer is the key to every door.
  4. God answers prayers.
  5. Co-operate prayers = co-operate anointing.
  6. Men ought to pray always and not faint.

8a.     Relate how James addressed the subject of prayer.

ANSWER

(James 1:2 - 8; 5:13 -18).

Prayer is a means of communicating with God. Prayer is very important in the life of a Christian. It is a means of interacting with God and it also serves as a weapon of defence against evil ones. Even in the ministry of Jesus during His earthly ministry, He emphasised much on prayer. He told his disciples to watch and pray.

James advised Christians to pray. And when they pray, they should believe that God would surely do what they ask of Him. No matter the temptation, no matter the suffering, Christians must persevere. They must not doubt because if they doubt they may likely not receive answer to their prayers.

James also emphasised that Christians must not ask wrongly, they must pray according to the will of God and with right motive, for this reason, they should ask for God’s wisdom to direct them in the right thing to ask God. Christians should also confess their sins before God and take decisions to forsake them so that God can hear their prayers, for the Bible says that the prayer of a sinner is an abomination before God. According to St. James the fervent prayer of the righteous has great power in it effects, so to make prayer effective, Christians should endeavour to live a righteous life.

James also advised that anyone suffering should pray and the cheerful should sing hymns and praise God. He also remarked that the sick should be anointed with oil and prayed for by the elders.

Confessional prayers should be made when people perceive they have sinned against God and so they confess their sins with strong determination to forsake such sin.

8b.     State two roles prayer can play in the life of a Christian.

  1. When we pray to God with faith, God grants the petitions of our hearts. We receive answers to our prayers.
  2. Through prayer, we relate with God and fellowship with Him.
  3. Through prayer our sins are forgiven.
  4. Through prayer, we sing praises to God and worship Him.
  5. Prayer delivers the Christians from temptation and from demonic attacks.
  6. For a Christian prayer to be effective, faith, endurance, steadfastness, perfection and wisdom are relevant factors.

9a.     “But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation”. Outline the expectation of Peter from the people described above.

ANSWER

“But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation”. (1 Peter 2:9).

St. Peter referred to Christians as a chosen race. This is because the Jews had lost their privileged position to Christians by their rejection of Jesus Christ. Christians are therefore expected to declare God’s holiness through their lives.

According to Peter, the conduct of Christians, their way of life, everything about them should portray them as a chosen race, a royal priesthood and a holy nation. They should be different, good manners in all. They should manifest Christ in them.

As a chosen race, they are no longer called out to show the light, Christians are the light of the world, as such they shine for the world to see their light and glorify God.

Christians must relate very well with other people who are Christians in the community. Their behaviour should be such that even non-Christians can recognise it as good, and glorify God. Christians must obey all constituted authority. They should carry out their religious and civil responsibilities faithfully.

Peter went further and said that God has set up the authorities to punish wrongdoers and praise those who do right. As men who live under the freedom as a cover up for sin. Peter also states that believers should honour all men and should love their brothers and fear God.

A Christian servant is called to obey his master. A slave should obey his earthly master in all things because obedience to his master is obedience to God. Christians/believers should have patience when they suffer persecution.

Finally, Peter gave example of Jesus Christ, when he suffered Jesus did not complain but He trusted God.

9b.     List four factors that prevent Christians from doing the will of God.

ANSWER

  1. Lack of trust in God.
  2. Lust of the eyes.
  3. Lust of the flesh.
  4. Pride of life.
  5. Prayerlessness.
  6. Bad company/friends.
  7. Disobedience to the word of God.