Quiz 27 of 27

2020 English Language Theory Past Questions

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ANSWER

CONTENT – 10MARKS

You are required to write a reply to a letter you have received from your brother who is about to stop schooling and go into business, advising him against his decision.

To earn a good mark, at least three convincing reasons should be given to dissuade your brother from taking such a step.

If you discuss fewer than three reasons you will not score higher than 4marks.

ORGANISATION – 10MARKS   

This is an informal letter and the following features are mandatory:

  1. Address of writer and date;
  2. Dear + first name of brother or dear brother;
  3. Yours sincerely (Note that there is no apostrophe before “s” in yours, and sincerely begins with small letter ‘s’ and not capital letter ‘S’).
  4. First name of writer.

NOTE: - All formal features of the informal letter must be present.

- There must be logical presentation of ideas with due regard given to paragraphing and coherence.

EXPRESSION – 20MARKS

This is a letter to a brother therefore the language should be chatty, friendly and reflect the warmth of a close relationship between you and your brother.

MECHANICAL ACCURACY – 10MARKS

Avoid the categories of error earlier mentioned and discussed.

ANSWER

CONTENT – 10MARKS

You are required to write an article suitable for publication in a nation newspaper on the importance of promoting good reading habits in students.

Three points adequately developed should be enough for a good mark.

  1. You must show a clear understanding of what “reading habits” are and the importance of promoting them.
  2. If you fail to dwell on the importance of promoting good reading habits, you won’t earn a good mark (Not higher than 3marks out of 10marks).

 

ORAGANISATION – 10MARKS

This is an article and the following features are mandatory:

  1. Title/hearing/caption

(Any of them should be capitalised or you capitalise initial letters in the words/title (except articles, prepositions and conjunctions) and underline the title.

2. Name of writer after the heading or at the end of the article.

3. Paragraphs must be well developed and ideas logically presented.

 

EXPRESSION – 20MARKS

This is an article; therefore, the language should be formal. Slangs, colloquialism and contracted forms are out of place here.

  1. You are expected to use appropriate vocabulary and a variety of sentence patterns.

MECHANICAL ACCURACY – 10MARKS

Avoid the categories of error earlier mentioned and discussed.

ANSWER

CONTENT – 10MARKS

You are required to write a letter to the principal of your school pointing out at least two practices among students that should be discouraged and two habits that should be promoted among teachers.

 

ORGANISATION – 10MARKS

The official letter format is mandatory here (formal letter).

  1. Address of writer;
  2. Date;
  3. Designation and full address of the recipient;
  4. Sir/Dear Madam;
  5. Title
  6. Yours faithfully; (Note capital letter ‘Y’ and no apostrophe before ‘s’ in ‘Yours’ and small letter ‘f’ beginning ‘faithfully’).
  7. Signature of writer
  8. Full name of writer.
  9. Paragraphs should be well developed and properly linked with logical presentation of ideas.

 

EXPRESSION – 20MARKS

This is a formal letter, therefore the language should be formal and polite enough to reflect respect for the principal.

 

MECHANICAL ACCURACY – 10MARKS

Avoid the categories of error earlier mentioned and discussed.

CONTENT – 10MARKS

You are required to write a speech you would deliver at the welcome party organised for the new principal posted to your school. You are expected to inform the new principal of some problems faced by students.

 

ORGANISATION – 10MARKS

You are expected to start with the usual vocatives e.g. Chairman, Parents, Principal, Teachers, Distinguished guests, Fellow students, Ladies and gentlemen. (Note that initial letters in all the words that appear in the vocatives are capitalized).

EXPRESSION – 20MARKS

You are expected to show a good command of language and appropriate use of speech techniques such as rhetorical questions, allusions, metaphors, hyperbole, anaphora etc.

 

MECHANICAL ACCURACY – 10MARKS

Avoid the categories of error earlier mentioned and discussed.

ANSWER

CONTENT – 10MARKS

You are required to write a story ending with the statement: “I had never felt so embarrassed in my life”.

 

ORGANISATION – 10MARKS

Your story should be well organised as follows:

 

 

EXPRESSION20MARKS

You are expected to use appropriate vocabulary that reflects the right atmosphere (make use of register that reflects you field of discourse).

 

MECHANICAL ACCURACY - 10MARKS

Avoid the categories of error earlier mentioned and discussed.

ANSWERS

6(a)     She knew she would always be welcome (by members of the family). OR

She thought she would always meet a member of the family at home.

1mark.

(b) She chatted heartily with a passenger in the bus.          1mark.

(c) i. Mama did not meet any member of the family at home.

ii. She did not have enough money for the taxi fare.

iii. She could not communicate effectively with the watchman.

(Any two for 1mark each)

(d) The taxi driver left with one of Mama’s bags because she was unable to pay the complete fare.                                                             2marks.

NOTE: If ‘complete’ is missing you would lose 1/2mark.

(e) The meal was not one she usually took. OR Mama was not used to the meal.   2marks.

(f) (i) Adjectival/Relative clause 1mark.

(ii) It modifies (the noun) “passenger” 2marks.

NOTE: (i) It is an adjectival clause because it performs one of the functions of an adjective (modifying/deserving nouns).

(ii) It is a relative clause because the clause is introduced by the relative pronoun (Who) which also relates the clause (subordinate clause) to the main clause or show a connection between the main and subordinate clauses in the sentence.

(g) It means, appeared to be a very long time. 1mark.

(h) She learnt that she should inform her children before visiting. 2marks.

(i)     1.Unimaginable – unthinkable, inconceivable, unbelievable       1mark.

2. Heartily – excitedly, warmly, enthusiastically, happily, cheerfully, spiritually.  1mark.

3. Outrageous – unreasonable, exorbitant, too much, ridiculous, excessive, very high. 1mark.

4. Numerous – very many, many, countless, frequent. 1mark.

5. Frantically – deceitful, dishonest, crooked, dubious. 1mark.

20MARKS

ANSWERS

7(a)i. Forests protect lands against erosion. 5marks.

ii. Forest provides wood used for building shelters 5marks.

iii. Wood got from forests is used in the production of paper. 5marks.

iv. Forest provides food for man and animals. 5marks.

                                                                  (Any three for 5marks each).

(b) i. Laws mandating tree planting must be enacted and enforced. 5marks.

(Take note of ‘enacted’ and ‘enforced’ 21/2 marks each = 5).

ii. Everyone must endeavour to go paperless. 5marks.

iii.      Government must create forest reserves and protect them.     5marks.

(Create forest reserves - 21/2 protect them - 21/2 = 5marks)

TOTAL – 30MARKS

ANSWER

CONTENT – 10MARKS

You are required to write a reply to a letter you have received from your brother who is about to stop schooling and go into business, advising him against his decision.

To earn a good mark, at least three convincing reasons should be given to dissuade your brother from taking such a step.

If you discuss fewer than three reasons you will not score higher than 4marks.

ORGANISATION – 10MARKS   

This is an informal letter and the following features are mandatory:

  1. Address of writer and date;
  2. Dear + first name of brother or dear brother;
  3. Yours sincerely (Note that there is no apostrophe before “s” in yours, and sincerely begins with small letter ‘s’ and not capital letter ‘S’).
  4. First name of writer.

NOTE: - All formal features of the informal letter must be present.

- There must be logical presentation of ideas with due regard given to paragraphing and coherence.

EXPRESSION – 20MARKS

This is a letter to a brother therefore the language should be chatty, friendly and reflect the warmth of a close relationship between you and your brother.

MECHANICAL ACCURACY – 10MARKS

Avoid the categories of error earlier mentioned and discussed.

ANSWER

CONTENT – 10MARKS

You are required to write an article suitable for publication in a nation newspaper on the importance of promoting good reading habits in students.

Three points adequately developed should be enough for a good mark.

  1. You must show a clear understanding of what “reading habits” are and the importance of promoting them.
  2. If you fail to dwell on the importance of promoting good reading habits, you won’t earn a good mark (Not higher than 3marks out of 10marks).

 

ORAGANISATION – 10MARKS

This is an article and the following features are mandatory:

  1. Title/hearing/caption

(Any of them should be capitalised or you capitalise initial letters in the words/title (except articles, prepositions and conjunctions) and underline the title.

2. Name of writer after the heading or at the end of the article.

3. Paragraphs must be well developed and ideas logically presented.

 

EXPRESSION – 20MARKS

This is an article; therefore, the language should be formal. Slangs, colloquialism and contracted forms are out of place here.

  1. You are expected to use appropriate vocabulary and a variety of sentence patterns.

MECHANICAL ACCURACY – 10MARKS

Avoid the categories of error earlier mentioned and discussed.

ANSWER

CONTENT – 10MARKS

You are required to write a letter to the principal of your school pointing out at least two practices among students that should be discouraged and two habits that should be promoted among teachers.

 

ORGANISATION – 10MARKS

The official letter format is mandatory here (formal letter).

  1. Address of writer;
  2. Date;
  3. Designation and full address of the recipient;
  4. Sir/Dear Madam;
  5. Title
  6. Yours faithfully; (Note capital letter ‘Y’ and no apostrophe before ‘s’ in ‘Yours’ and small letter ‘f’ beginning ‘faithfully’).
  7. Signature of writer
  8. Full name of writer.
  9. Paragraphs should be well developed and properly linked with logical presentation of ideas.

 

EXPRESSION – 20MARKS

This is a formal letter, therefore the language should be formal and polite enough to reflect respect for the principal.

 

MECHANICAL ACCURACY – 10MARKS

Avoid the categories of error earlier mentioned and discussed.

CONTENT – 10MARKS

You are required to write a speech you would deliver at the welcome party organised for the new principal posted to your school. You are expected to inform the new principal of some problems faced by students.

 

ORGANISATION – 10MARKS

You are expected to start with the usual vocatives e.g. Chairman, Parents, Principal, Teachers, Distinguished guests, Fellow students, Ladies and gentlemen. (Note that initial letters in all the words that appear in the vocatives are capitalized).

EXPRESSION – 20MARKS

You are expected to show a good command of language and appropriate use of speech techniques such as rhetorical questions, allusions, metaphors, hyperbole, anaphora etc.

 

MECHANICAL ACCURACY – 10MARKS

Avoid the categories of error earlier mentioned and discussed.

ANSWER

CONTENT – 10MARKS

You are required to write a story ending with the statement: “I had never felt so embarrassed in my life”.

 

ORGANISATION – 10MARKS

Your story should be well organised as follows:

 

 

EXPRESSION20MARKS

You are expected to use appropriate vocabulary that reflects the right atmosphere (make use of register that reflects you field of discourse).

 

MECHANICAL ACCURACY - 10MARKS

Avoid the categories of error earlier mentioned and discussed.

ANSWERS

6(a)     She knew she would always be welcome (by members of the family). OR

She thought she would always meet a member of the family at home.

1mark.

(b) She chatted heartily with a passenger in the bus.          1mark.

(c) i. Mama did not meet any member of the family at home.

ii. She did not have enough money for the taxi fare.

iii. She could not communicate effectively with the watchman.

(Any two for 1mark each)

(d) The taxi driver left with one of Mama’s bags because she was unable to pay the complete fare.                                                             2marks.

NOTE: If ‘complete’ is missing you would lose 1/2mark.

(e) The meal was not one she usually took. OR Mama was not used to the meal.   2marks.

(f) (i) Adjectival/Relative clause 1mark.

(ii) It modifies (the noun) “passenger” 2marks.

NOTE: (i) It is an adjectival clause because it performs one of the functions of an adjective (modifying/deserving nouns).

(ii) It is a relative clause because the clause is introduced by the relative pronoun (Who) which also relates the clause (subordinate clause) to the main clause or show a connection between the main and subordinate clauses in the sentence.

(g) It means, appeared to be a very long time. 1mark.

(h) She learnt that she should inform her children before visiting. 2marks.

(i)     1.Unimaginable – unthinkable, inconceivable, unbelievable       1mark.

2. Heartily – excitedly, warmly, enthusiastically, happily, cheerfully, spiritually.  1mark.

3. Outrageous – unreasonable, exorbitant, too much, ridiculous, excessive, very high. 1mark.

4. Numerous – very many, many, countless, frequent. 1mark.

5. Frantically – deceitful, dishonest, crooked, dubious. 1mark.

20MARKS

ANSWERS

7(a)i. Forests protect lands against erosion. 5marks.

ii. Forest provides wood used for building shelters 5marks.

iii. Wood got from forests is used in the production of paper. 5marks.

iv. Forest provides food for man and animals. 5marks.

                                                                  (Any three for 5marks each).

(b) i. Laws mandating tree planting must be enacted and enforced. 5marks.

(Take note of ‘enacted’ and ‘enforced’ 21/2 marks each = 5).

ii. Everyone must endeavour to go paperless. 5marks.

iii.      Government must create forest reserves and protect them.     5marks.

(Create forest reserves - 21/2 protect them - 21/2 = 5marks)

TOTAL – 30MARKS