Pipeline transport is the long-distance transportation of a liquid or gas through a system of pipes, called a pipeline.
It is quite safe and the cheapest means of transporting commodities, for example, the tap water we use in our villages and cities is transported using pipelines by the water cooperation. Both crude and refined oil are also transported through pipeline tracks and footpaths.
The pipeline tracks and footpaths were the earliest in use before the road transport came into being, although they are also routes for bicycles and men who transport goods on their heads, backs and shoulders. As discussed earlier, horses, mules, and other animals make use of these footpaths, particularly in northern Nigeria.
Advantages of Pipelines:
1. There is less risk of the content or product transported getting contaminated.
2. To move the products through pipes, no physical labour or activity is required.
3. Traffic congestion is eliminated.
4. It is the safest way to transport liquids.
Disadvantages of Pipelines:
1. The cost of constructing a system of pipes is expensive.
2. If the pipeline gets damaged it can lead to wastage and environmental pollution.
3. In recent times, bunkering is a common issue with pipelines.
4. It is only suitable for transporting liquids and gas.