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JSS2: AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE - 2ND TERM

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Common viral diseases in farm animals include;

i) Foot and Mouth Diseases 

Animal Symptoms Transmission Prevention and control 
Cattle, sheep, goats and pigs High fever, loss of appetite, lameness and blisters on the udders Through contact with infected urine, faeces, milk and nasal discharge. Quarantine, vaccination, good sanitation and destruction of infected animals. 

ii) Rinderpest Diseases 

Animal Symptoms Transmission Prevention and control 
Cattle, goats, and sheep.Rise in temperature, loss of appetite, diarrhoea and high mortality Contact with infected animals Quarantine, destruction of infected animals and immunization. 

iii) Newcastle Diseases 

Animal Symptoms Transmission Prevention and control 
Poultry Sudden death, loss of weight, paralysis and diarrhoea Through airborne, contaminated vaccines and equipment.  Culling of sick bird, quarantine and vaccination 

iv)  Swine Fever Disease

Animal Symptoms Transmission Prevention and control 
Pigs High fever, sores in the mouth and blood stained diarrhoea Through contact with infected pigs and direct contact with infected feed and water Vaccination, quarantine and disinfect pens and equipment regularly. 

v) Complicated Chronic Respiratory Disease (CRD) 

Animal Symptoms Transmission Prevention and control 
Respiratory system of poultry Swollen face, nasal discharge and difficulty in breathing Through contaminated feeds, water and beddings. Vaccination, good sanitation and good ventilation 

vi) Fowl Pox

Animal Symptoms Transmission Prevention and control 
Poultry Blister on comb, wattle and feet. Reduction in egg production and loss of weight Through biting insect pests and through the animal injuries Culling of infected birds and vaccination 

vii) Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia (CPBB) 

Animal Symptoms Transmission Prevention and control 
Cattle, goats, sheep, and pigs Dry and painful cough, loss of appetite, difficulty in breathing and inflammation of lungs. Trough contact with infected milk and urine Vaccination, isolation and slaughtering of infected. 

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