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JSS2: AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE - 2ND TERM

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Nutritional diseases can be caused by specific nutrient deficiencies, excesses or imbalances, or by metabolic disturbances. This may develop as a result of deficiency (undernutrition), excess(overnutrition), or imbalance (malnutrition) of nutrients present in their food.

Common nutritional diseases in farm animals include;

i. Bloat 

Animal Symptoms Transmission Prevention and control 
All domestic animals Swollen stomach, diarrhoea vomiting and death Consumption of high proteinous feed  Regulate the protein content of feed 

ii. Rickets (Rachitis) 

Animal Symptoms Transmission Prevention and control 
All ruminant animals  Improperly developed bone and soft shelled eggs. Through poor feeding Increase vitamin D intake and proper feeding 

iii. Anaemia 

Animal Symptoms Transmission Prevention and control 
All the animals but mostly common in pigs  Nervousness, loss of appetite and laboured respiration. Transmitted through feedingInjection of iron into the animals body. 

iv) Osteomalacia (Pica) 

Animal Symptoms Transmission Prevention and control 
Pregnant lactating cow and other do mestic animals Retarded growth, loss of appetite, low fertility and production Through poor feeding Proper feeding and intake of phosphorous 

v) Ketosis (Acetonemia) 

Animal Symptoms Transmission Prevention and control 
CowsLow milk production and low feed consumption Transmitted through feeding Proper feeding and intake of glucose 

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