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JSS2: AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE - 2ND TERM

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Protozoan infections are caused by organisms formerly classified in the Kingdom Protozoa. They are usually transmitted by either an insect vector or by contact with an infected substance or surface.

Common Protozoan diseases in farm animals include;

i) Trypanosomiasis (Sleeping Sickness or Nagana) 

Animal Symptoms Transmission Prevention and control 
Cattle, goats, sheep, and other domestic animals Drowsiness, severe anaemia, loss of weight and death of animal.Through Tse Tse fly called Glossina-Palpalis By the use of insecticides and good sanitation measured 

ii) Coccidiosis

Animal Symptoms Transmission Prevention and control 
Poultry and rabbit Loss of weight, diarrhoea, blood-stained faeces, ruffled feathers and Through contaminated feed and water and faeces.   Use of coccidiosis tablet, good sanitation and to avoid wet litter feed 

 

iii) Heart Water Disease (Piroplasmosis)

Animal Symptoms Transmission Prevention and control 
Cattle, goats, sheep and pigs  High fever, convulsion, movement in cycle and twitching of eyelids Through the ticks of the genus Amblyomma Regular bathing and sipping of animals in Tickill 

iv) Red Water Fever of Tick Bone Fever or Babsiosis Disease 

Animal Symptoms Transmission Prevention and control 
Cattle, goats, sheep, pigs and other do mestic animals  High temperature, anaemia, loss of eight and weakness Transmitted by sucking ticks By the use of insecticides, vaccination, regular dipping and injection of drugs like acaprin, 

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