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states of matter

States of matter refer to the three distinct physical forms, that matter can take in most environments. Matter exists in three states namely:

Solid, Liquid, and Gaseous states.



A solid has a definite volume and definite shape. It is incompressible and highly dense. The spaces between the particles are small and do not flow; the particles are regularly arranged, and fairly firmly held together. Examples are wood, stone, iceblock, bottle, rubber, etc.


Liquid State:

Liquid has no definite shape but has a definite volume, and it takes the shape of the container it is put in. It is incompressible and less dense. The spaces between particles are large and liquid flows. The particles are not held so firmly together and are further apart. Examples include water, petrol, kerosene, etc.


Gaseous State:  

Gas is a matter that has no shape or volume of its own. It is the least dense of the three states and it is highly compressible. The spaces between its particles are very large. The particles flow freely and fill any space into which they are put. Examples are Oxygen, Carbon (IV) Oxide, Ammonia, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, etc.




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