The Impact of ICT on the Society
As it is known, from time immemorial, everything in life is like two sides of a coin, there is always the positive and the negative side of every phenomenon. Whether the effect is positive or negative, the effects of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) are far-reaching and can never be overemphasized. It merely looks at how individuals and organizations are affected.
- Information Technology can empower teachers and learners to promote change, and foster the development of 21st-century skills – this makes teaching and learning student-centered.
- It is believed that Information Technology can have positive effects on students’ achievements, when used appropriately to complement teachers’ teachings. The teacher becomes a facilitator of the outcome.
- Information Technology helps to improve students’ self-study or tutorials on PCs.
- Information Technology makes students more effective learners.
- There is a general agreement, that Information Technology use greatly contributes to student’s motivation for learning.
- Students who use computers at home, and also use them more frequently at school are more confident, than students who have no home access.
- Information Technology can promote learner autonomy.
- Information Technology has brought about a huge increase in access to information and services, that have accompanied the growth of the Internet.
- Information Technology has improved access to education, for example, distance learning and online tutorials.
- Information Technology can be used for processes that had previously been out of the reach of most individuals, for example, photography, where digital cameras, photo-editing software, and high-quality printers have enabled people to produce results, that would have previously required a photographic studio.
- Information Technology can be used to help people overcome disabilities. For example, screen reading software enables partially sighted, or blind people, to work with ordinary text rather than Braille (a form of written language for blind people, in which characters are represented by patterns of raised dots, that are felt with the fingertips) Also, audio software such as JAWS can help special students work with letters and words.
JAWS (“Job Access With Speech“) is a computer screen reader program for Microsoft Windows that allows blind and visually impaired users to read the screen either with a text-to-speech output or by a refreshable Braille display.
- Information Technology has brought a number of benefits to organizations, such as cost savings by using VoIP instead of the normal telephone, email instead of a post, video conferencing instead of travelling to meetings, e-commerce software instead of sales catalogues.
- Organizations can benefit from using ICT for information management, for example, managers are better informed and will have more reliable and up-to-date information on which to base their decisions.
- Information Technology can help us solve or reduce some security problems, for example, encryption methods can keep data safe from unauthorized people. It also enables physical security systems such as fingerprints, iris, or facial recognition.
- Information Technology enables us to perform impossible experiments, by using simulations.
- Information Technology affords us the opportunity for individual learning programs within a topic, instead of everybody having to do the same thing, at the same time, at the same pace.
- Information Technology has brought unprecedented changes and transformations, to academic libraries, and information services.