Speech Work: Diphthongs /aʊ/ and /әʊ/
In the production of this sound, the tongue glides at a point between the centre and the back with a closing movement of the lower jaw. This is a gradual closure of the jaw towards /ʊ/ or /u:/ sound, the shape of the lips changes from neutral to a rounded position. The sound has different spelling symbols which are listed below:
“ou” – house, loud, doubt, foul
“ow” – how, now, cow, town
Other examples are: around, about, crowd, mountain, thousand.
The glide begins with the centre of the tongue and moves to a position between the centre and the back with a slight closing movement of the lower jaw and the shape of lips is neutral. The sound has different spelling symbols listed below:
“o” – home, bone, joke
“ow” – bow, glow, show
“oa” – boat, toad, oak
“ou” – soul, dough, mould
“oe” – joe, toe, foe, hoe
“eau” – plateau, beau, bureau
Unusual words – sew, mauve, won’t, chaueffeur
Write the phonetic symbols of the following words:
goat, mouth, oath, house, foe, cow, draught, own, boast, howl, now, hoe.
Identify the type of diphthongs used in the following words.
pain, cry, blouse, employ, home, year, chair, endure, care, coin.
Reference: Oral English Without Tears for Schools and Colleges by Sola Aregbe