Lesson 2, Topic 2
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Types of Socialization

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Socialization is a lifelong learning process that goes on throughout one’s life. It occurs in two stages, and they are:

  1. The Primary (Childhood) Socialization stage
  2. The Secondary (Adulthood) Socialization stage

The Primary (Childhood) Socialization stage: this stage of the socialization process begins at birth. It is the first process of socialization and involves the family members in the socialization process of a child, where norms and values such as language, toilet training, eating habits, etc are taught to the child.

Potty training
Toilet training

The primary socialization process is the foundation, therefore, there is a need for it to be good to effect positive and better secondary socialization.

The Secondary (Adulthood) Socialization stage: this stage of the socialization process begins in adolescence and continues through adulthood. It is the learning and adapting to norms and values outside the family settings. It helps build an individual’s personal identity and learn the appropriate norms and values of the society. This stage terminates at death because at every stage in our life we learn things that enable us to adapt to new and different situations.

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