ABC of First Aid
The ABCs of first aid consists of three different components. Let’s discuss these components in more detail;
A: = Airways: Before administering first aid, make sure the patient’s airways are clear, that the patient is breathing. Check if the breathing is normal.
B: = Breathing: Ensure that the patient is breathing. If the person is conscious, sitting will be better. If unconscious, turn the patient on his side and then listen for breathing.
C: = Circulation: This is the technique of checking for pulse so as to know if the victim is breathing.
While breathing enriches the blood with oxygen, it’s the beating of the heart that delivers this oxygen throughout the body. Organs and tissues can begin to die when they don’t receive enough oxygen.
If an adult is unconscious and not breathing, lay the patient flat on his back, then place the heel of one hand on his chest, and your other hand on top and press firmly.