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  1. Packaging Criteria I | Week 1
    2 Topics
  2. Packaging Criteria II | Week 2
    2 Topics
  3. Criteria for Selecting Materials for Packaging Agricultural Produce | Week 3
    4 Topics
    2 Quizzes
  4. Pricing & Advertising | Week 4
    6 Topics
  5. Marketing in Agriculture | Week 5
    3 Topics
    2 Quizzes
  6. Farm Records & Book Keeping | Week 6
    3 Topics
  7. Types of Farm Records | Week 7
    9 Topics
  8. Computer-Aided Farm Records and its Benefits | Week 8
    3 Topics
  9. Farm Accounting and Bookkeeping | Week 9
    6 Topics
    1 Quiz

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Topic Content:

  • Examples of Packaging Items
    • baskets, cans, cages, trays/crates, jute sacks or bags, drums, plastic bags, etc.
  • Evaluation Essay Questions

Below are some examples of packaging items;

1. Baskets:

This is the most commonly used packaging item, by local farmers in Nigeria and is used for packaging produce like tomatoes, kola nuts, fruits and vegetables. Baskets are made from palm fronds or bamboo. It allows good ventilation for the farm produce.

Local made baskets for packaging Tomatos
Tomatoes packaged in Local Baskets.

Because of the open nature of baskets, farm produce carried over a long distance, could be attracted by insects, and cause damage to the farm produce.

2. Cans:

These are clean and empty metal containers usually made of metal, e.g. tin, aluminium, etc. Cans are rigid and easy to handle, allowing them to withstand collisions, vibrations, and stacking. This makes them convenient for transportation and storage.

Canning is also a method to preserve a wide variety of foods in an airtight container for extended periods of time. This airtight seal creates an anaerobic or low-oxygen environment inside the containers which prevents bacteria and spoilage.

canned tomatos
Airtight containers help to keep light, air, and moisture away from the products and will help prevent spoilage and retain flavour.

Agricultural products that are packaged in cans last longer and are made attractive to spark the interest of buyers and provide information, for example, the expiry date and added preservatives.

3. Cages:

Cages could also be made of wood, plastic, or metal materials, locally they could be made from palm fronds. Cages are durable and efficient for transporting live animals with small body sizes.

Cages are used for packaging guinea fowls, broilers, turkeys, culled chicken layers, ducks rabbits, etc., for easy transportation and marketing.

Turkey in a Cage
Turkey in a Cage.
Chickens Transported in a Cage
Chickens Transported in a Cage.

4. Trays or Crates:


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