Drug abuse is the abnormal use of drugs. It is also the non-medical use of drugs. It is the use of drugs without a prescription from a qualified doctor.
Methods of Drug Abuse:
This is also called drug administration and it refers to how drugs enter the body.
The most common methods include:
Signs of Drug Abuse:
There are many signs to spot drug abuse and may include:
- Mood Swings.
- Bloodshot or glassy eyes.
- Dilated or constricted pupils.
- Abrupt weight changes especially weight loss.
- Poor Hygiene and lack of grooming.
- Problems with Teeth.
- Withdrawal from friends and family.
- Runny nose.
- Skin changes.
- Problems sleeping or sleeping too much.
Effects of Drug Abuse:
The effects of drug abuse and its impact on the user, the family, and the community are of serious concern to all the countries of the world, including Nigeria.
The following are some effects of drug abuse:
2. Loss of control of the body.
3. Hallucination: This is an experience involving the perception of something not present or real.
4. Damaged nostrils and lungs.
5. Disorderly behaviour, crime-oriented life.
7. Premature death.
8. Stomach upset.
9. Poor performance in school.
Commonly Abused Drugs:
Marijuana: Marijuana is a commonly abused drug that is usually administered through smoking. Marijuana abuse can lead to memory loss, paranoia, difficulty thinking, infertility, weight changes, and isolation.
Alcohol: Although Legal for adults over the age of 18, it is a commonly abused drug, with the potential for serious consequences. Alcohol abuse can take over a person’s life, because it takes priority over everything else, including family, friends, and job. It impairs judgment and acting while drunk can have devastating consequences, for example, drink driving leads to vehicle accidents, alcohol abuse at home leads to domestic violence, etc.
Cocaine: This is an illicit or illegal drug that usually leads to addiction, severe health problems, and death. Once addicted, it is very difficult to break the habit of using it. it can be snorted, injected, or smoked.
Heroine: Heroine is an illegal drug that is highly addictive and difficult to stop using. This drug causes the most damage, both physically and mentally.
Ketamine: This is an anesthetic for animals that is abused as a recreational drug. It distorts the user’s perceptions of sight and sound and can make it difficult to move.
Prevention of Drug Abuse:
There are many ways to prevent drug abuse such as;
1. Keeping youths busy with meaningful activities such as sports etc.
2. A healthy lifestyle: This involves exercising regularly and avoiding self-medication, and harmful habits, such as smoking and drinking alcohol.
3. Public enlightenment campaigns by government and media houses, on the harmful effects of drug abuse.
4. Inculcating coping skills: Some of these coping skills include, setting a standard for one’s future, and setting a high standard of moral and good behaviour.
5. Positive social interaction: This involves avoiding friends that are drug abusers, and those that smoke and drink excessively.