Lesson 4, Topic 3
Peter Converts Cornelius (Acts 10:1-48)
Peter Converts Cornelius (Acts 10: 1-48)
- Caesarea was a town to the North of Joppa.
- In this town lived a Roman Army officer, a centurion (captain) of the Italian Regiment, whose name was Cornelius.
A centurion was the principal professional officer in the armies of ancient Rome and its empire. The centurion was the commander of a centuria, which was the smallest unit of a Roman legion.
- Cornelius and all his family were devout and God-fearing; he gave generously to those in need and prayed to God regularly.
- He spent much of his free time praying and giving alms to the poor and the needy.
- Cornelius had a vision at three in the afternoon, where the angel of the Lord told him. that his prayers and alms, had ascended as a memorial before God.
- Therefore, send for Simeon Peter who was staying in Joppa with Simeon, a tanner.
- Cornelius sent two of his servants and a soldier, his personal assistance to Joppa to fetch Peter.
- Meanwhile, Peter had a vision, a great sheet from heaven with all kinds of animals and birds, and a vice told him. “Rise Peter! kill and eat.
- Peter answered, No! Lord, for I have never eaten anything that is common or unclean.
- This vision got Peter confused, until the arrival of Cornelius’s messengers.
- Peter was still amazed because the Jews and foreigners were not in common association.
- Peter realized that God does not discriminate between Jews and foreigners. He said, “But God has shown me that I should not call anyone impure or unclean.”
- While Peter was still preaching in the house of Cornelius, the Holy Spirit came upon Cornelius and his household.
- Peter got Cornelius and his household baptized.
- Hence, Cornelius and his people formed the foundation members of the church in Caesarea.