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JSS3: CIVIC EDUCATION - 1ST TERM

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Nigeria gained independence in 1960, but before that, a number of constitutions had been used to administer the country, which we have discussed in previous topics. They are the Clifford Constitution of 1922, Richards Constitution of 1946, Macpherson Constitution of 1951, and Lyttleton Constitution of 1954.

On October 1st,1960, when Nigeria gained its independence, a new constitution, known as the 1960 Independence Constitution, was adopted. This replaced the Lyttleton Constitution, although it retained some of its features.

Under this constitution, Nigeria retained Queen Elizabeth II as titular head of state.

Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, was Prime Minister of Nigeria when Nigeria gained independence, in 1960.

independence day
Prime Minister of Nigeria Abubakar Tafawa Balewa (2nd right) and Princess Alexandra (right) on Nigeria’s Independence day, 1960

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