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What is a Constitution?

A constitution is a body of rules and regulations that guides the affairs of a country.

It also refers to a body of fundamental law, written or unwritten, legal or extra-legal, rigid or flexible, according to which a particular government operates (Austin Ranny)

A written constitution is a constitution that is contained and published in a single document. Federal Constitution is written and rigid. Most modern states operate written constitutions. It prevents the dictatorship of the leaders, as the constitution clearly specifies, the powers, functions, and tenure of political leaders.

An unwritten constitution is a body of rules and regulations governing the affairs of a state, that is not contained in a single document. Unwritten constitutions are flexible. It enhances quick decision-making and implementation, due to its flexible nature.

A rigid constitution is the type of constitution that cannot be easily amended. The amendment procedure is cumbersome, difficult, or stringent. The amendment procedure may require a two-thirds majority, of their national and state Assemblies, in addition to a referendum.  It promotes political stability.

A flexible constitution is a constitution that can easily be amended. The amendment procedure is not difficult. Flexible Constitutions are unwritten. It is suitable for emergencies and changing times.

A constitution helps to state the rights of citizens, the powers of three organs of government, how powers should be shared among the organs of government, and the conditions for its amendment, etc.

A constitution is very important for every independent country, because it serves as a guide, for the day-to-day running of the country.