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  1. Introduction to Commerce | Week 1
    3 Topics
    2 Quizzes
  2. E-Commerce | Week 2
    3 Topics
  3. The Barter System | Week 3
    1 Topic
    1 Quiz
  4. Occupation | Week 4
    1 Topic
  5. Services | Week 5
    2 Topics
    1 Quiz
  6. Production, Division of Labour, Specialization & Exchange I | Week 6
    3 Topics
  7. Production, Division of Labour, Specialization & Exchange II | Week 7
    2 Topics
    1 Quiz
  8. Retail Trade / Home Trade | Week 8
    5 Topics
  9. Small Scale Retailing | Week 9
    6 Topics
  10. Large Scale Retailing | Week 10
    9 Topics
    1 Quiz

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Lesson 5, Topic 2
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Factors that Determine Types of Occupation and Development

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The following are factors that determine the choice or type of occupation individuals engaged in;

(a) Availability of Natural Resources: The natural resources a particular region or area is endured with determines the type and choice of occupation people in such area engaged with. For instance, people in riverine areas adopt fishing as their main occupation.

(b) Climatic and Weather Conditioner: Climatic and weather differences also determine the nature and type of occupation that predominates different regions. Excessive rainfall characterized some regions while sunshine in some other places; based on those conditions thick forests are seen in areas where rainfall is much and lumbering forms an occupation majorly there. While in Sahel and savanna region where there are light rainfall and excessive sunlight, their occupation mainly is cattle rearing, etc.

(c) Skills and Training: The level of training and education an individual acquired determined what job he/she can perform. Well-trained and skilled people are found to engage in specialized services like legal, Teaching, medical services while unskilled workers engage in lumbering, hunting gardening, etc.

(d) Aptitude and Special interest: Commonly, it has been experienced that some people naturally developed a preference for certain occupations while some other jobs are detested for different reasons. The attitude and personal interest of individuals towards a particular occupation determine the rate at which people embrace such professions.

(e) Government Policy: Some government policies specified some jobs for certain people based on age gender, race, culture, etc.

(f) Custom and Tradition: The prevailing custom and tradition in certain tribal communities may forbid a certain gender in engaging in a certain profession while they can be excluded in compliance with what custom demanded.

(g) The Risk And Hazard Involved:- High risk and natural and industrial hazards are a common phenomenon with some occupations. People are dissuaded with some occupations. People are dissuaded from taking up some of these jobs that are prone to risk and hazard example Marine engineering, Navy, Pilot, etc.

(h) The Rate Of Salary And Wages: The rate of remuneration and conditions of service attach to some occupation determines the decision to be taken on the acceptance of such a profession. Many people decline interest in jobs with an unattractive salary structure, while some others receive mad rush from people due to fat and attractive salaries, wages, and allowances.

Evaluation Questions

  1. Explain the term service occupation
  2. List two types of services with examples of each
  3. State four factors that determine the choice of occupation
  4. Give five examples each of (i) Industrial workers

(ii) Commercial workers

(iii) Direct service workers

(WASSCE Nov. 2006)


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