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Mobility of labour is the movement of labour from one work place (occupation) to another or from one geographical area to another.

Types of Mobility of Labour

Occupational Mobility: This is defined as the ease with which a labourer moves from one occupation to another. Occupational Mobility can be horizontal or vertical. 

A horizontal Occupation is the movement of labour within the same occupation. This change of occupation is more rampant and easier for the unskilled labourers who do not require special training in order to do their work.

A vertical occupation is the movement of labour from one occupation to a new occupation. e.g A doctor changing career to become a Banker, It will be difficult for a doctor to change his occupation and become a Banker because to become a Banker you have to go through training in the field.

Geographical Mobility of Labour: This is the movement of labour (workers) from one geographical location to another. For instance, the movement of workers from the Eastern part of Nigeria to the Southern part.

Factors Influencing Mobility of Labour

1. Unfavorable Working Conditions: This may force a worker to change from one industrial set-up to another. Lack of such things as canteens, laboratories, staff busses, equipped offices, etc. may constitute unfavorable working conditions.

2. Marriage: Marriage is a factor that causes mobility of labour especially with women in Nigeria. A man or woman may be forced to change jobs because of their spouse’s job location.

3. Irregular Payment of Salaries: when workers are not paid their salary when due, they will be forced to change to other establishments. Industrial mobility may occur as a result of irregular payment of salaries of workers.

4. Promotion: A worker may be promoted from one section of an industry to another or even from one geographical area to another. 

5. Accommodation Problems: Workers may not be able to secure accommodation which will prevent them from moving to a new location.

6. Government Policy: Certain government policies e.g. the establishment of national youth service corps (N.Y.S.C.) help to deliberately move labour to different states other than their state of origin

Evaluation Questions

1. What is Vertical mobility of labour.

2. Explain the factors that influence the size of labour force in your country

3. Highlight the factors affecting efficiency of labour


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