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SS1: ECONOMICS - 2ND TERM

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  1. Firms & Industry | Week 1
    4 Topics
  2. Firms & Industry (Business Organisation) | Week 2
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. Population Theory I | Week 3
    3 Topics
  4. Population Theory II | Week 4
    3 Topics
  5. Population | Week 5
    3 Topics
  6. Population Distribution | Week 6
    4 Topics
  7. Population Census | Week 7
    3 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  8. Labour Market | Week 8
    3 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  9. The Nature of the Nigerian Economy | Week 9
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  10. Agriculture | Week 10
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz



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This is the movement of people in and out of a country over a period of time, it is the movement of people from one place to another.

Types of Migration:

Migration is sub-divided into two; immigration and emigration.

Immigration: This is the movement of people (non-indigenes) into a country. The people who move (come to a country from another country) to a country are called immigrants.

Emigration: This is a process whereby people go out of a country i.e leave their own countries. It is the movement of people into other countries (Outwards movement) to settle either permanently or on a temporary basis. The people that move out to other countries are called emigrates.

Net Migration: This is the difference between immigration and emigration.

Forms of Migration:

There are different forms of migration;

1. Rural-urban Migration: This is the movement of people from rural areas, like villages, to urban centres like Lagos and Abuja.

2. Rural-rural Migration: In this form of migration, people move from one rural area to another, just like moving from Lagos to Abuja.

3. Urban-rural Migration: This is the movement of peole from urban to rural area which is not as common as the first two forms of migration.

4. International Migration: This is the movement of people from one country to another.

Calculation of Population Size:

Population size could be calculated as follows:

Current year population figure
= previous year pop figure + Birth rate – death rate + immigration – emigration.

Factors that Cause Migration:

1. Better Education in developed countries.
2. The desire to have knowledge and more opportunities.
3. Proper working conditions and welfare.
4. The climatic condition of an area may attract people to move.
5. Economic opportunities and stability.
6. Better Healthcare can make people migrate to another country.

How can we Control Migration?

1. The government should adopt a policy that will favour the people if we have under population in the country.
2. Discourage work permits in overpopulated countries.
3. More employment opportunities for people will discourage people from leaving their home country for a foreign land.
4. Provide a conducive environment for people.
5. The government should ensure peace and harmony in the country.
6. By the provision of social amenities.

 Evaluation Question:

1. The population of Ayetoro LCDA at the beginning of the year 2005 was 200,000. The births were 80,000. The deaths were 38,000. In the same year, immigrants were 50,000, while emigrants were 28,000.

Compute the population figure at the end of 2005.

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Question 1

The population of Ayetoro LCDA at the beginning of the year 2005 was 200,000. The births were 80,000. The deaths were 38,000. In the same year, immigrants were 50,000, while emigrants were 28,000.

Compute the population figure at the end of 2005.

Solution

Population = Birth – Death rate + immigration – Emigration

Population = (80,000 – 38,000) + (50,000 – 28,000)

= 42,000 + 22,000

= 64,000.

error: