SS1: ECONOMICS - 2ND TERM
Firms & Industry | Week 14 Topics
Firms & Industry (Business Organisation) | Week 25 Topics|1 Quiz
Population Theory I | Week 33 Topics
Population Theory II | Week 43 Topics
Population | Week 53 Topics
Population Distribution | Week 64 Topics
Population Census | Week 73 Topics|1 Quiz
Labour Market | Week 83 Topics|1 Quiz
The Nature of the Nigerian Economy | Week 94 Topics|1 Quiz
Agriculture | Week 104 Topics|1 Quiz
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Demographic Transition Theory
The theory of demographic transition theory is the latest attempt made to provide a historical analysis of the population problems of developing countries. It tends to explain the reasons why all developed countries several years ago went through three identical stages of population.
The demographic theory puts up a model which recognizes three main stages in the process of population growth. The three stages are:
Stage I: Pre-Industrialization Stage:
The main feature of this stage is the high birth rate, high death rate, and low population. The population at this stage is either static or increasing or decreasing at a very low rate. The population transition remains fairly stable
Stage II: Transition Stage:
This stage is characterized by a high birth rate accompanied by a low death rate. This stage remains relatively stable but the death rate falls rapidly. This stage leads to a high population as a result of a number of factors such as industrialization, urbanization, better diet, higher income, improved medical services, etc. This stage marks the beginning of demographic transition. Many developing countries are currently at this stage of population growth.
Stage III: Post Transitional Stage:
This stage is characterized by a low birth rate as a low death rate is under control. In other words, there is a relatively stable population with an older or larger population. It is a feature of an advanced economy (the stage that is associated with developed countries).
- Explain the factors responsible for declining population.
- Discuss the characteristics of Malthus theory.