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SS1: ECONOMICS - 2ND TERM

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  1. Firms & Industry | Week 1
    4 Topics
  2. Firms & Industry (Business Organisation) | Week 2
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. Population Theory I | Week 3
    3 Topics
  4. Population Theory II | Week 4
    3 Topics
  5. Population | Week 5
    3 Topics
  6. Population Distribution | Week 6
    4 Topics
  7. Population Census | Week 7
    3 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  8. Labour Market | Week 8
    3 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  9. The Nature of the Nigerian Economy | Week 9
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  10. Agriculture | Week 10
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz



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This is a population that is below the optimum population. The size of this population is so small when combined with the available resources of a country.

It is also known as that population that is less than the available resources of a country. Per capita income is insufficient to the available resources at a particular period.

Causes of Under-Population:

1. When there is a continuous increase in the level of mortality or death in the country. 
2. An increase in the number of people leaving a particular country to another country (emigration), compared to the number of people coming in (immigration).
3. Decrease in the rate of fertility or birth rate in the country.

Advantages of Under-Population:

1. Low Crime Rate: Less competition for resources results in reduced levels of crime.
2. Low Congestion: There will be low or no congestion in the areas of traffic, housing, land, and schools.
3. Low pressure on social amenities.
4. Resources will be in abundance.
5. Employment opportunities will be readily available.

Consequences of Under-Population:

1. The size of the population will affect the level of the demand for goods and services.
2. There will be a low level of productivity in the country.
3. The resources of the country will not be fully exploited or fully utilized.
4. There will be a decline or fall in investment and savings.
5. Low level of standard of living and per capital income due to the inability of enough human workforce.

Control of Under-Population:

1. Provision of Medical facilities.
2. The government should relax immigration laws making it easy for people to enter the country.
3. Encourage polygamy.
4. By avoiding wars.
5. Discourage emigration by providing necessary needs and basic amenities for the people.
6. By improving the standard of living.

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