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SS1: ENGLISH LANGUAGE - 1ST TERM

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  1. SS1: English Language First Term - Week 1
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  2. SS1: English Language First Term - Week 2
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  3. SS1: English Language First Term - Week 3
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  4. SS1: English Language First Term - Week 4
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  5. SS1: English Language First Term - Week 5
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  6. SS1: English Language First Term - Week 6
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  7. SS1: English Language First Term - Week 7
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  8. SS1: English Language First Term - Week 8
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  9. SS1: English Language First Term - Week 9
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i. /j/ as in yes /jes/, union /ju:nien/, /kjuə/

Note that this consonant has nothing to do with the letter ‘j’ you are familiar with.

Some other words in which the sound occurs include ewe, ewer, you, use, unique, yam, huge, student, view, your, onion.

Note: The sound /j/ does not occur at the end of words.

ii. /z/ as in zoo (initial position)

     /z/ as in frozen (medial position)

     /z/ as in gaze (end position)

     z – zoo, prize, zebra, zinc

     se – lose, rose, raise, rise, poise, pose, please, cheese, nose

     ss – possess, scissors

     s – is, was, does, fees, his, knees, bees

iii. /ʒ/ as in pleasure, measure, occasion

This sound does not occur at the beginning of words. Note its various spellings.

si – division, decision, vision, precision, confusion.

su – treasure, usual, erasure, leisure

ge/gi – regime, garage, camouflage, rouge, prestige, massage.

ti – equation

z – seizure, azure

iv. /ʃ/ as in shoe, worship, cash

This sound occurs in all three positions. Consider various ways of spelling /ʃ/

ce – ocean, crustacean,

ch – machine, moustache, chic, chicanery, chauffeur, charade, Champaign, chassis, charlatan, cliché, brochure.

ci – ancient, official, special, species, precious.

s – sure, sugar, mansion, pension, tension.

sce – crescendo.

sch – schedule, schnapps, schist.

sci – conscious, luscious, conscience.

ss – Russia, passion, pressure, assure.        

ti – ration, patient, definition, friction

v. /θ/ as in think, something, kith

This sound is always spelt with the letters ‘th’. When the sound is pronounced, there is no vibration of the vocal cords. It is lighter than /ð/  Consider the following words in which /θ/ occurs:

Method, length, fifth, thin, birth, mouth (noun), path, author, mathematics, death, thought, truth, theory, cloth

vi.  /ð/ as in though, mother, with

Like /θ/, the sound /ð/ is always spelt with the letters ‘th’. Note however that /ð/ is a heavier sound than /θ/. When /ð/ is produced, you can hear a buzzing sound as if a bee were flying past.

Consider the following words in which /ð/  occurs: they, this, that, brother, breathe, clothe, soothe, mouth (verb) worthy.  

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