Comprehension: Sickle Cell Disease
- Title: Sickle Cell Disease
- Text: New Oxford Secondary English Course for SS1 pages 17-19
- Questions and Answers
Read the passage carefully and answer the questions on it.
Sickle Cell Disease:
Sickle cell is more or less a black-race disease. It has been discovered that it is only among black races that children are born with the blood group known as SS. This has been attributed to the presence of malaria. This is not just among the blacks in Africa. The percentage is only smaller in America and also in other parts of the world, like among the dark-skinned people in Asia.
One is not surprised that in many English and American herbal books, no mention is made of sickle cell. This must be so because the disorder is foreign to the authors of such books who themselves are whites. From the diagnosis made, one can safely take it that this disorder cannot be cured since it involves what is called the genes, which is a life-supporting force in the blood. The formation of the gene in the blood cannot be changed once it has taken place. In the blood of a sickler, the red blood cells are sickled like a saucer. They, therefore, find it difficult to take in essential and sufficient oxygen during the period when the blood must be renewed in the body. The lifespan of the red cells is, therefore, shorter than in normal cases. In very rare cases, particularly among women, a person with the AS blood group may develop the symptoms of an SS. That is, she will have pains that are similar to what a sickler suffers from. In such cases, one observes that it is in the adult age of the patient and after stress or strenuous period. I have come across one such patient who said her crisis started after she gave birth to two babies within thirteen months. Often, the suffering of such a patient is prolonged during a crisis because they are treated for the wrong diseases that have similar symptoms. Diagnosing and treating rheumatoid arthritis would be justified, as the symptoms are similar. But the patient’s case will not improve at all till a change is made. Just like any illness, a good diet to aid the body to correct the malfunction is very essential. It is very important to adhere to natural foods, not denatured. All White Flour products always leave so much waste matter in the bloodstream. These should be strictly avoided. Milk, meat, and highly proteinous foods should be cut off the diet. No sugar should be taken. Honey is a very good substitute. It is pre-digested, energy-giving, and contains food nutrients required by the body.
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