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SS1: ENGLISH LANGUAGE - 1ST TERM

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  1. SS1: English Language First Term - Week 1
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  2. SS1: English Language First Term - Week 2
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  8. SS1: English Language First Term - Week 8
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  9. SS1: English Language First Term - Week 9
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i.   /b/ as in bird, robber, crab

This consonant occurs in all three positions in words. The sound is only pronounced where you have the letter ‘b’ in the spelling of a word. Note, however, that /b/ does not occur in words such as womb, comb, tomb, climb, lamb, plumber, debt, or subtle.

ii.  /d/ as in dose, pardon, fad

The sound occurs in all three positions. It is always spelt with the letter ‘d’. Note that in words that end in –ped, -ked, -ghed, -fed, -hed, -ched, -xed, -ced, and –sed, the letter ‘d’ is pronounced /t/.

iii. /f/ as in fall, Raphael, rough

The letter ‘f’ is always pronounced as /f/ when it occurs in a word except in the word ‘of’ /əv/.

Note below various spellings of /f/

ff – off, suffer, stuff

ph – physics, alphabet, phase, triumph, photo

gh – tough, enough, laugh, trough, cough

iv. /g/ as in greed, disgrace, fog

The sound is always spelt with the letter ‘g’. it is also realized in the following instances:

gg – egg, giggle, goggle

gh – ghost, aghast, ghastly, ghoul

Note however that the letter ‘g’ assumes a different sound in words like gem, gender, general, longevity. The letter ‘g’ is silent in reign, sign, gnaw, gnat, foreign, sovereign.

v.  /l/ as in lorry, relax, roll

The sound /l/ is always spelt with the letter ‘l’. However, whenever ‘l’ comes before another consonant letter, the ‘l’ is often not pronounced.

Examples include could, would, should, half, calf, walk, calm, psalm, balm. The ‘l’ is pronounced in kiln and film.

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