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SS1: GOVERNMENT - 2ND TERM

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  1. Types of Government Continues, Federal and Confederal Systems of Government | Week 1
    6 Topics
    |
    2 Quizzes
  2. Forms of Government: Presidential System of Government | Week 2
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. Forms of Government: Parliamentary System of Government | Week 3
    6 Topics
    |
    2 Quizzes
  4. Structure and Organization of Government: Legislature | Week 4
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  5. Structure and Organization of Government: Executive Content | Week 5
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  6. Structure and Organization of Government: Judiciary Content | Week 6
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  7. Basic Principles of Government: Political Participation and Political Apathy | Week 7
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  8. Basic Principles of Government: Rule of Law and Delegated Legislation | Week 8
    8 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  9. Basic Principles of Government: Centralization and Decentralization | Week 9
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz



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The parliamentary system of government is a system of government in which the Head of State is different from the Head of Government. The Head of State performs ceremonial functions and the Head of Government performs executive functions.

The Head of State can be an elected president (Republics) or a monarch (Monarchical state) while the Head of Government is Prime Minister. Other names for the parliamentary system of government are the cabinet system or the Westminster system.

Features of Parliamentary System:

(i) Head of State is different from Head of Government.

(ii) There is a fusion of power as members of the executive are part of the legislature.

(iii) The Prime Minister appoints his ministers only from the legislature.

(iv) The Head of Government is appointed by the Head of State.

(v) There is the supremacy of the legislature.

(vi) There is a collective responsibility of the cabinet to the legislature.

(vii) Parliamentary system of government permits the existence of official opposition.

(viii) The cabinet (including the prime minister) can be removed on a vote of no confidence by parliament at any time.

(ix) There is strict party discipline and allegiance.

(x) There is provision for an official opposition with an opposition leader.

(xi) In a bicameral parliament, all bills are first introduced in the second chamber.

(xii) Carpet-crossing is allowed.

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