Powers of the Head of State and Powers of the Head of Government
Powers of the Head of State (Monarchical state):
(i) He performs ceremonial functions.
(ii) He represents the state outside the country and in international organizations.
(iii) He serves as the symbol of unity.
(iv) He signs the bills into law.
(v) He has the power to dissolve the life of parliament.
(vi) He has the power after election to call on the majority leader in the parliament to form the government.
(vii) He exercises prerogative mercy.
Powers of the Head of Government (Prime Minister):
The Head of Government is the prime minister who is usually appointed by the majority party in the parliament. He is an elected member of the parliament.
His powers include:
(i) He appoints members of his cabinet from the majority party in the parliament.
(ii) He presides over the meetings of the cabinets.
(iii) He forms the government.
(iv) He appoints top government functionaries.
(v) He coordinates the activities of the government.
(vi) He exercises The executive, also referred to as the executive branch or executive power, is the term commonly used to describe that part of government which enforces the law and has overall responsibility... More and The legislative branch of government is responsible for making laws within a country. Legislatures are made up of people called legislators who, in democracies, are elected by the country’s population More powers as he is a member of the cabinet as well as a member of the legislature.
(vii) He initiates executive bills and government policies.
(viii) The Head of State can also recommend the deployment and retirement of the armed forces.
(ix) He represents his country in other countries and international organizations.
(x) He advises the Head of Government on the dissolution of the parliament.
(xi) He serves as a link between the Head of State and the cabinet.