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SS1: GOVERNMENT - 2ND TERM

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  1. Types of Government Continues, Federal and Confederal Systems of Government | Week 1
    7 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  2. Forms of Government: Presidential System of Government | Week 2
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. Forms of Government: Parliamentary System of Government | Week 3
    7 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  4. Structure and Organization of Government: Legislature | Week 4
    6 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  5. Structure and Organization of Government: Executive | Week 5
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  6. Structure and Organization of Government: Judiciary | Week 6
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  7. Basic Principles of Government: Political Participation and Political Apathy | Week 7
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  8. Basic Principles of Government: Rule of Law and Delegated Legislation | Week 8
    8 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  9. Basic Principles of Government: Centralization and Decentralization | Week 9
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz



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Topic Content:

  • Theory Questions & Answers – Parliamentary System of Government

Theory Questions & Answers – Parliamentary System of Government:

1. (a) What is Parliamentarianism/Parliamentary system of government?

(b) State the features of parliamentary system of government.

 

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Theory Questions & Answers – Parliamentary System of Government

1. (a) What is Parliamentarianism/Parliamentary system of government?

Answer:

Parliamentarianism is a system where the head of state is different from the head of government and there is no clear separation of powers.

1. (b) State the features of parliamentary system of government.

Features of Parliamentarianism:

  • The head of state is different from the head of government.
  • The prime minister is the head of government.
  • The president or a monarch is the head of state.
  • The head of state performs ceremonial functions in the state.
  • The prime minister and his cabinet are collectively responsible to the parliament.
  • The prime minister can be removed through a vote of no confidence.

 

2. Highlight the duties of Prime Minister and President in Parliamentary System of government.

Answer:

  President: Prime Minister:
i. He performs ceremonial functions. He performs executive functions.
ii. He serves as a uniting factor He is the head of the majority party in the parliament.
iii. He signs bills into law. He appoints Ministers from the legislature.
iv. He calls for dissolution of the parliament He appoints top government officers.

 

3. (a)What is collective responsibility?

Answer:

Collective Responsibility is one of the principles in a parliamentary system of government which states that all members of the cabinet are accountable to the legislature for executive actions and policies. The cabinet speaks with one voice and stands or falls together. A minister cannot oppose government policy, otherwise, the minister will resign.

 

(b) Discuss the advantages of collective responsibility.

Answer:

Merits of Collective Responsibility:

  • This idea does not encourage shifting of blame.
  • The idea encourages joint efforts to achieve success.
  • It promotes an egalitarian spirit among the members of cabinet.
  • The idea makes the members of cabinet aware of the fact that they must serve the masses or resign.

 

4. Give three (3) merits and three (3) demerits of parliamentary system of government.

Answer:

(a) 3 Merits of Parliamentary System:

  • The ‘Fusion’ of powers makes it easy to approve policies of government.
  • The Fusion also means less personnel and less cost in running the government.
  • The presence of opposition promoted good governance.

(b) 3 Demerits of Parliamentary System:

  • The fusion of powers may make the cabinet members become overburdened with double functions.
  • There could be political friction between the head of government and state.
  • The prime minister and his cabinet can be removed from office through a vote of no confidence.

 

5. State the characteristics/features of the cabinet system that distinguish it from the presidential system.

Answer:

  Cabinet System Presidential System
i. There is fusion of powers between the executive and the legislature. There is a clear separation of powers.
ii. This system has two heads i.e. the head of state and head of government. This system has only one head i.e. the president.
iii. The head of government i.e. the prime minister is elected by the parliamentarians. The president is elected by the citizens.
iv. The parliament is supreme in cabinet system The constitution is supreme in presidential system.
v. The prime minister is responsible to the parliament The president is responsible to the constitution.
vi. The prime minister can be removed through a vote of no confidence. The president can be removed through impeachment.
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