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SS1: GOVERNMENT - 2ND TERM

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  1. Types of Government Continues, Federal and Confederal Systems of Government | Week 1
    6 Topics
    |
    2 Quizzes
  2. Forms of Government: Presidential System of Government | Week 2
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. Forms of Government: Parliamentary System of Government | Week 3
    6 Topics
    |
    2 Quizzes
  4. Structure and Organization of Government: Legislature | Week 4
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  5. Structure and Organization of Government: Executive Content | Week 5
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  6. Structure and Organization of Government: Judiciary Content | Week 6
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  7. Basic Principles of Government: Political Participation and Political Apathy | Week 7
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  8. Basic Principles of Government: Rule of Law and Delegated Legislation | Week 8
    8 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  9. Basic Principles of Government: Centralization and Decentralization | Week 9
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz



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The constitution and other arms of government exert some form of control or check on the executive as it helps to reduce the dictatorial tendencies of the executive.

They include:

(i) The constitution specifies clearly the powers of the executive in the constitution. Any act or power contrary to this can be declared ultra vires.

(ii) Actions of the executive can be challenged in a court if they are unconstitutional, the court declares them unconstitutional through judicial review or ultra vires.

(iii) Judicial application of certain writs e.g. writ of mandamus, habeas corpus injunction etc. can be used to compel the executive to do certain things.

(iv)The executive has the power to appoint officials to state offices but such appointments must be approved by the senate.

(v) Impeachment of the president in the presidential system and vote of no confidence on the cabinet in the parliamentary system are also forums of control.

(vi) The executive prepares and presents the budget but it must be approved by the legislature.

(vii) The executive signs treaties and agreements with governments of other countries but such treaties and agreements must be ratified by the National Assembly.

(viii) The legislature makes law but it’s the executive that signs bills into law.

(ix) The legislature can control the executive through the power of questioning on the floor of the House.

(x) The executive has the power to declare a state of emergency or war but the senate has to approve.

(xi) International laws, sanctions, bans, embargos, and boycotts can control executive actions.

(xii) Conventions, customs and tradition can also control the executive.

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