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SS1: GOVERNMENT - 2ND TERM

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  1. Types of Government Continues, Federal and Confederal Systems of Government | Week 1
    7 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  2. Forms of Government: Presidential System of Government | Week 2
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. Forms of Government: Parliamentary System of Government | Week 3
    7 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  4. Structure and Organization of Government: Legislature | Week 4
    6 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  5. Structure and Organization of Government: Executive | Week 5
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  6. Structure and Organization of Government: Judiciary | Week 6
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  7. Basic Principles of Government: Political Participation and Political Apathy | Week 7
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  8. Basic Principles of Government: Rule of Law and Delegated Legislation | Week 8
    8 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  9. Basic Principles of Government: Centralization and Decentralization | Week 9
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz



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Topic Content:

  • Theory Questions – Executive

Theory Questions – Executive:

1. Write short notes on the following terms. (a) Executive (b) Collegiate executive  (c) Bicephalous Executive (d) Monocephalous Executive 

2. Enumerate the functions of the Executive.

 

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Theory Questions – Executive

1. Write short notes on the following terms.

(a) Executive:

Answers:  This is an arm of government that formulates and implements the policies of the government and enforces the laws of the state.

(b) Collegiate Executive:

Answers:  This is a type of executive where more than two executive heads rule a state and rotate powers among themselves.

(c) Bicephalous Executive:

Answers:  This is an executive system where there are two executive heads e.g. in parliamentary we have the head of government and the head of state.

(d) Monocephalous Executive:

Answers:  This is where all the executive powers are vested in a single head as in the presidential system.

 

2. Enumerate the functions of the executive.

Answers:

  • The executive enforces the laws of the state.
  • The executive maintains law and order
  • The executive maintains external relations
  • The executive administers the state.
  • The executive formulates policies of the government
  • The executive prepares the budgets of a state
  • The executive assents bills into law.
  • The executive gives a prerogative of mercy.

 

3. Give six ways the powers of the executive can be controlled.

Answers:

  • The excesses of the executive head can be curbed by the legislature through impeachment or a vote of no confidence.
  • The Supreme Court can declare any unconstitutional act of an executive head null and void.
  • Membership in international organizations can limit the absoluteness of the powers of the executive head of a state.
  • The electorates have some form of control over the powers of the executive because they can remove him through their votes or referendum.
  • International laws and treaties e.g. the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) can curb excessive use of powers of the executive.
  • The free press in a democratic state can act as a check on the powers of the executive through their constructive criticism of the executive programs.

 

4. What are the reasons for the increase in executive powers in recent times?

Answers:

  • The executive controls the armed forces.
  • The executive appoints judicial officers.
  • The executive can veto a bill by the legislature.
  • The president can declare a state of emergency in times of civil unrest.
  • Presidential powers to pardon offenders are also a reason.

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