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SS1: GOVERNMENT - 2ND TERM

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  1. Types of Government Continues, Federal and Confederal Systems of Government | Week 1
    6 Topics
    |
    2 Quizzes
  2. Forms of Government: Presidential System of Government | Week 2
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. Forms of Government: Parliamentary System of Government | Week 3
    6 Topics
    |
    2 Quizzes
  4. Structure and Organization of Government: Legislature | Week 4
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  5. Structure and Organization of Government: Executive Content | Week 5
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  6. Structure and Organization of Government: Judiciary Content | Week 6
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  7. Basic Principles of Government: Political Participation and Political Apathy | Week 7
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  8. Basic Principles of Government: Rule of Law and Delegated Legislation | Week 8
    8 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  9. Basic Principles of Government: Centralization and Decentralization | Week 9
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz



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Factors that ensure Judicial Independence:

(i) The appointment of judges should be based on the recommendation of an independent/impartial body e.g. Judicial Service Commission.

(ii) Judges should enjoy the security of tenure. Their tenure must be fixed and termination of their appointment before term shall be on health grounds or professional misconduct.

(iii) Appointment, selection and promotion of judges shall only be on merit. Such merit principles must be clearly stated in the constitution.

(iv) Appointment of judges shall also be based on personal integrity e.g. honesty and the officer’s thorough knowledge of the law.

(v) The salaries of the judges shall be paid from consolidated funds and their remuneration shall be handsome and be paid regularly and promptly.

(vi) The judges shall be politically neutral and non-partisan.

(vii) The judges are to enjoy immunity in respect of official acts.

(viii) Decisions of the judge are not subject to changes in the National Assembly or the executive.

(ix) Adequate security shall be provided for the judges within and outside the court.

Problems Facing the Judiciary:

Among factors limiting the independence of the judiciary are:

(i) The executive and the legislature exert overbearing influence on the judiciary.

(ii) If the government of the day is autocratic, it will affect judicial independence.

(iii) Inadequate funding of the judiciary by the executive.

(iv) Crisis of integrity: The judges may be corrupt and engage in bribery, this will erode people’s confidence in the judiciary.

(v) Poor remuneration and condition of service for judges and judicial officers is another jeopardy to judicial independence.

(vi) Existence of special tribunals erode judicial independence.

(v) Personal interest of judges may affect the way and manner they discharge their duties.

(vi) Social ties such as family, ethnic and religious factors may affect the independence of the judiciary.

(vii) Sometimes, the decisions of the court may not be obeyed by the executive (contempt of judgments of the court).

(viii) Insufficient personnel and courts to deal with a large volume of cases. This leads to delays in the treatment of cases.

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