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SS1: GOVERNMENT - 2ND TERM

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  1. Types of Government Continues, Federal and Confederal Systems of Government | Week 1
    7 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  2. Forms of Government: Presidential System of Government | Week 2
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. Forms of Government: Parliamentary System of Government | Week 3
    7 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  4. Structure and Organization of Government: Legislature | Week 4
    6 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  5. Structure and Organization of Government: Executive | Week 5
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  6. Structure and Organization of Government: Judiciary | Week 6
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  7. Basic Principles of Government: Political Participation and Political Apathy | Week 7
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  8. Basic Principles of Government: Rule of Law and Delegated Legislation | Week 8
    8 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  9. Basic Principles of Government: Centralization and Decentralization | Week 9
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz



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Topic Content:

  • Theory Questions & Answers – Legislature

Theory Questions & Answers – Legislature:

1. Enumerate the functions of a modern legislature.

2. (a) What is supremacy of the legislature?  (b) What are the limitations of the legislature?

3. (a) Explain unicameralism

 

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Theory Questions & Answers – Legislature

1. Enumerate the functions of a modern legislature.

Answer:

  • A modern legislature represents the people.
  • A modern legislature amends the constitution
  • A modern legislature oversees the activities of executives
  • A modern legislature approves appointments.
  • A modern legislature ratifies international treaties.
  • A modern legislature checks the excesses of the president.
  • A modern legislature controls public expenditure.

 

2 (a) What is supremacy of the legislature? 

Answer:

This is a principle in parliamentary system that grants the parliament the absolute and exclusive rights to make laws and amend the laws.

(b) What are the limitations of the legislature?

Answer:

  • There is a constitutional limitation on the legislature.
  • Judicial review can limit the powers of the legislature.
  • International treaties signed can limit the powers of the legislature.
  • Public opinion of the electorates who can recall the representatives can limit the powers of the legislature.
  • Membership in international organizations can also limit the powers of the legislature.

 

3 (a) Explain unicameralism

Answer:

This is a situation where there is only one legislative house in a state.

(b) Give three merits and three demerits of the unicameralism

Answer:

(i) Three (3) Merits of Unicameralism:

  • The law-making processes are faster.
  • The cost of governance is reduced.
  • There is no rivalry between one chamber and another.

(ii) Three (3) Demerits of Unicameralism:

  • No thorough deliberations in unicameralism
  • It does not allow the adequate representation of the state
  • Unicameral legislative is easily pocketed by a strong executive head.

 

4. (a) What is bicameralism?

Answer:

This is a situation where a state operates with two legislative chambers.

(b) Give three merits and three demerits of bicameralism.

Answer:

  • Bi-cameralism allows for adequate representation in a state.
  • It prevents the hasty passage of bills into law.
  • It is very difficult for the executive to overshadow the two chambers.

 

5. How a bill is passed into law in the presidential system?

Answer:

  • The clerk of the house is notified of the bill.
  • First reading stage: The formal presentation stage where the bill is introduced to the house.
  • Second reading: At this stage, the bill is read again the Second time and deliberations can begin on the bill.
  • Committee Stage: If the bill scales through the second reading stage and debate, the bill will be sent to the appropriate committee.
  • Report Stage: At this stage, the committee will give reports of their deliberations to the house.
  • Third reading: At this stage, the house will go through the bill again and put the finishing touches.
  • Debate Stage: At this stage, the bill is passed to the other chamber for deliberations through the same process.
  • Assent Stage: This is the final stage where the head of government of the state signs the bill into law. 

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