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SS1: GOVERNMENT - 2ND TERM

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  1. Types of Government Continues, Federal and Confederal Systems of Government | Week 1
    6 Topics
    |
    2 Quizzes
  2. Forms of Government: Presidential System of Government | Week 2
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. Forms of Government: Parliamentary System of Government | Week 3
    6 Topics
    |
    2 Quizzes
  4. Structure and Organization of Government: Legislature | Week 4
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  5. Structure and Organization of Government: Executive Content | Week 5
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  6. Structure and Organization of Government: Judiciary Content | Week 6
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  7. Basic Principles of Government: Political Participation and Political Apathy | Week 7
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  8. Basic Principles of Government: Rule of Law and Delegated Legislation | Week 8
    8 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  9. Basic Principles of Government: Centralization and Decentralization | Week 9
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz



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Merits of Federal System of Government:

(i) It promotes unity in diversity.

(ii) It facilitates otherwise small and weaker states to come together and form a strong state

(iii) It prevents the central government from arbitrary use of power and violation of fundamental human rights.

(iv) It promotes rapid development as component units develop according to their pace and resources at their disposal.

(v) It brings government close to the people.

(vi) It promotes political stability as sources of friction are removed.

(vii) Federalism promotes wider participation of the citizens in government.

(viii) It allays the fear of domination of minority groups by majority groups.

Demerits of Federal System of Government:

(i) There is a problem with the revenue sharing formula that all the component units will accept, which creates conflict.

(ii) Antagonism or unhealthy rivalry and competition among the ethnic groups.

(iii) It is expensive to operate.

(iv) Decision making is slow due to extensive consultation.

(v) The federating units always agitate for the creation of more states and local governments.

(vi) Constitutional amendments are difficult due to the rigid conditions necessary for amendment.

(vii) The minority groups always complain of marginalization.

(vii) The states often accuse the central government of limited revenue, therefore, depriving states and local governments of funds.

(vii) There is always the problem of corruption, bribery, favouritism, nepotism, sectionalism etc.

(viii) There is always a problem of conditioning a reliable and acceptable census that all units will accept.

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