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SS1: GOVERNMENT - 3RD TERM

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  1. Fundamental Human Right and Representative Government | Week 1
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  2. Separation of Power and Checks and Balances | Week 2
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. Constitution | Week 3
    5 Topics
    |
    2 Quizzes
  4. Citizenship | Week 4 & 5
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  5. Political Parties | Week 6
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  6. Party System | Week 7
    5 Topics
    |
    2 Quizzes
  7. Pressure Groups | Week 8
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz



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(i) Representative government allows the people to elect political leaders.

(ii) It holds democratic principles. The people elect a government of their choice.

(iii) It encourages wide-scope political participation. The people take part in the process of public decision-making in the state.

(iv) It prevents dictatorial, tyrannical and oppressive government through inherent checks and balances that check the excesses of government.

(v) Existence of rule of law ensures equality and protection of fundamental human rights.

(vi) Representative government enforces majority rule and guarantees the interest of the minority.

(vii) It also ensures accountability and responsibility of political leaders.

(viii) It promotes political stability. The government is one that enjoys the mandate of the people and there is a smooth change of government. All these enhance political stability.

Demerits of Representative Government:

(i) Representative government is not representative enough. The few people in government are not representative enough.

(ii) It is prone to electoral malpractice.

(iii) Unhealthy rivalry that may arise from the political parties may breed political instability. 

(iv) The insecurity and dangers that surround elections may drive away better-qualified candidates to contest elections.

(v) The system encourages bribery and corruption, and embezzlement of public funds.

(vi) Representative government is expensive due to the high cost of running the government and organizing elections.

(vii) There may be elections of wrong candidates due to bribery and corruption, godfatherism, vote-buying, ignorance, illiteracy, etc.

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