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SS1: GOVERNMENT - 3RD TERM

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  1. Fundamental Human Right and Representative Government | Week 1
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  2. Separation of Power and Checks and Balances | Week 2
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. Constitution | Week 3
    5 Topics
    |
    2 Quizzes
  4. Citizenship | Week 4 & 5
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  5. Political Parties | Week 6
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  6. Party System | Week 7
    5 Topics
    |
    2 Quizzes
  7. Pressure Groups | Week 8
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz



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A representative government is a type of government that elects its representative into the government to administer the state for a fixed term.

It can also be defined as a type of government in which people exercise their political sovereignty by directly electing their representative into the government to administer the state for a fixed term.

It can also be defined as a type of government in which people exercise their political sovereignty by direct electing their representatives in an election periodically. e.g. Presidential and Parliamentary. The representatives are always elected from constituencies or electoral areas.

Features of Representative Government: 

Features of Representative Government include:

(i) Free and Fair election: Elections are devoid of irregularities and fraud and malpractices.

(ii) Period and election: Elections are held regularly and at intervals e.g 4 years or 5 years as stipulated by the constitution of that country to confer legitimacy on the government.

(iii) Existence and application of rule of law: The rulers and the people adhere strictly to the provisions of the constitution.

(iv) Existence of a constitution that will respect democratic principles.

(v) There is the existence of freedom of the press and tolerance of criticisms.

(vi) Independence of the judiciary is an important feature. The judiciary is free from interference from other organs of government.

(vii) There is an up-to-date electoral register that contains the names of all eligible voters.

(viii) There is an independent umpire to organize and conduct elections.

(ix) Universal adult suffrage is upheld where citizens eligible to vote, not bared by law exercise their franchise. 

Conditions for Establishing Representative Government:

(i) Elections are to come up at regular intervals and shall be free from any form of fraud.

(ii) Up-to-date electoral register. The qualified voter’s list must be upgraded periodically to ensure that no qualified citizen is intentionally disenfranchised.

(iii) There shall be proper constituency delineation to prevent gerrymandering or giving any candidate undue advantage.

(iv) There shall be the existence of more than one political party to ensure the people have alternatives. 

(v) There is the existence of more than one candidate to contest elections.

(vi) The electorate is politically informed.

(vii) The political parties shall have a good manifesto which draws membership and support to them.

(viii) Electoral laws also exist to guide elections.

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