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SS1: GOVERNMENT - 3RD TERM

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  1. Fundamental Human Right and Representative Government | Week 1
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  2. Separation of Power and Checks and Balances | Week 2
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. Constitution | Week 3
    5 Topics
    |
    2 Quizzes
  4. Citizenship | Week 4 & 5
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  5. Political Parties | Week 6
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  6. Party System | Week 7
    5 Topics
    |
    2 Quizzes
  7. Pressure Groups | Week 8
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz



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Lesson 6, Topic 3
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Meaning, Features, Merits And Demerits of Two Party System

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Two party system is the type where two political parties are predominant in the government. Two political parties dominate the government e.g. Great Britain, the United States, Jamaica, etc.

Characteristics of Two Party System:

(i) Two political parties are predominant.

(ii) The Political posts are contested for by contestants from the two dominant political parties.

(iii) Two political ideologies exist in the state.

(iv) Opposition party is officially recognized.

(v) Freedom of the press is guaranteed.

(vi) Two party system is democratic.

Merits of Two Party System:

(i) Two Party System presents two alternatives to the electorate during an election.

(ii) It produces very strong opposition to the ruling party.

(iii) It makes the government be responsible and accountable knowing that if it fails, the people will reject it for the other in the next election.

(iv) It prevents dictatorship and arbitrary rule.

(v) It promotes popular government as the party and candidates that win in the election enjoy majority support the election.

(vi) It promotes political stability as areas of conflict are reduced.

(vii) Fundamental human rights are better guaranteed under a two party system than in a one party system.

(viii) It is democratic. It promotes greater political participation.

Demerits of Two Party System:

(i) It leads to the polarizing of the state into two opposing camps due to unhealthy competition.

(ii) Party loyalty is placed above national unity.

(iii) It discourages the growth and development of smaller political parties.

(iv) It may sometimes breed irresponsible opposition.

(v) Material resources/national resources may be wasted and misappropriated in maintaining two political parties and conducting elections.

(vi) It may cause political instability due to dirty tricks between the political parties.

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