SS1: GOVERNMENT - 3RD TERM
Fundamental Human Right and Representative Government | Week 15 Topics|1 Quiz
Meaning, List and Categories of Fundamental Human Rights and Need to Include Them in the Constitution
Ways to Safeguard Citizens Rights
Representative Government, Meaning, Features and Conditions for Establishing it
Merits and Demerits of Representative Government
Theory Questions - Fundamental Human Right and Representative Government
- Meaning, List and Categories of Fundamental Human Rights and Need to Include Them in the Constitution
Separation of Power and Checks and Balances | Week 24 Topics|1 Quiz
Constitution | Week 35 Topics|2 Quizzes
Citizenship | Week 4 & 55 Topics|1 Quiz
Political Parties | Week 65 Topics|1 Quiz
Party System | Week 75 Topics|2 Quizzes
Pressure Groups | Week 85 Topics|1 Quiz
Separation of Powers, Meaning, Merits and Demerits
Separation of power implies that the three organs of government; the legislature, the executive, and the judiciary are separated in personnel and functions. This means that no one person or organ of government should combine the functions of the legislature, executive, or judiciary.
No person shall exercise the powers of more than one organ of government, separation of power will prevent arbitrariness of civil rights. This principle was propounded by Baron de Montesquieu (1689 – 1755).
Merits of Separation of Powers:
(i) It prevents arbitrary use of power as separation of power ensures the application of rule of law.
(ii) It prevents tyrannical rule. No arm of government exercises more than its constitutional power.
(iii) It ensures the protection of fundamental human rights as political power is not concentrated on one arm of government.
(iv) It is democratic. Democratic states enforce separation of power.
(v) It ensures effective coordination of functions as each organ has mastered its function.
(vi) Separation of powers ensures that each arm of government check and balance the excesses of other organs.
Demerits of Separation of Power:
(i) Strict adherence to the principle of separation of power will hinder or slow down governance.
(ii) It may not be able to check the arbitrariness of law of the organs of government, especially the executive.
(iii) It is totally not viable because of the area of interference as the organs exercise their functions.