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SS1: GOVERNMENT - 3RD TERM

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  1. Fundamental Human Right and Representative Government | Week 1
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  2. Separation of Power and Checks and Balances | Week 2
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. Constitution | Week 3
    5 Topics
    |
    2 Quizzes
  4. Citizenship | Week 4 & 5
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  5. Political Parties | Week 6
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  6. Party System | Week 7
    5 Topics
    |
    2 Quizzes
  7. Pressure Groups | Week 8
    5 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz



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Separation of power implies that the three organs of government; the legislature, the executive, and the judiciary are separated in personnel and functions. This means that no one person or organ of government should combine the functions of the legislature, executive, or judiciary.

No person shall exercise the powers of more than one organ of government, separation of power will prevent arbitrariness of civil rights. This principle was propounded by Baron de Montesquieu (1689 – 1755).

Merits of Separation of Powers:

(i) It prevents arbitrary use of power as separation of power ensures the application of rule of law.

(ii) It prevents tyrannical rule. No arm of government exercises more than its constitutional power.

(iii) It ensures the protection of fundamental human rights as political power is not concentrated on one arm of government.

(iv) It is democratic. Democratic states enforce separation of power.

(v) It ensures effective coordination of functions as each organ has mastered its function.

(vi) Separation of powers ensures that each arm of government check and balance the excesses of other organs.

Demerits of Separation of Power:

(i) Strict adherence to the principle of separation of power will hinder or slow down governance.

(ii) It may not be able to check the arbitrariness of law of the organs of government, especially the executive.

(iii) It is totally not viable because of the area of interference as the organs exercise their functions.

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