Back to Course

0% Complete
0/0 Steps

• ## Follow us

Lesson 2, Topic 1
In Progress

# Congruent Triangles

Lesson Progress
0% Complete

Definition: Two figures are said to be Congruent if they have exactly the same shape and size.

Introduction: When naming congruent triangles, it is important to give the letters in the correct order so that it is clear which sides of the triangles correspond to each other. When congruent triangles are properly named, it is possible to find pairs of equal sides or equal angles without looking at the figure.

Note that in geometry the symbol $$\scriptsize \equiv$$ means identically equal to”, or “is Congruent to”.

Therefore, ∆ABC $$\scriptsize \equiv$$ ∆XYZ is short for “triangle ABC is congruent to triangle XYZ. The following gives the four sets of conditions for the congruency of two triangles.

Two triangles are congruent if:

I. Two sides and the included angle of one are respectively equal to two sides and the included angle of the other. (i.e. SAS).

$$\scriptsize \Delta ABC \equiv \Delta XYZ$$

Note: If the given angle is not included between the given sides, this is called the ambiguous case.

II. Two angles and a side are equal to two angles and the corresponding side of the other, (i.e. ASA or AAS).

$$\scriptsize \Delta LMN \equiv \Delta PQR$$

Note that it is not necessary that the corresponding sides should be between the angles.

III. The three sides of one are respectively equal to the three sides of the other, (i.e. SSS).

$$\scriptsize \Delta LNM \equiv \Delta RTS$$

Note that the corresponding angles are also equal.

IV. They are right-angled and have the hypotenuse and another side equal, (i.e. RHS).

$$\scriptsize \Delta KLM \equiv \Delta STV$$ 