Documents used in Transportation
1. Airway Bill: This document is used when goods are sent by air. It shows that specified goods have been received for carriage to a named destination. It is given by an airline operator.
2. Bill of Landing: This document enables the holder to claim ownership of the goods transported.
3. Delivery Note: this is a document sent by the seller to the buyer for signature when goods are delivered to him. It serves as evidence of delivery.
4. Consignment Note: The sender of goods make this document which he hands over to the carrier and countersigned by the consignee on delivery as proof that goods have been delivered.
5. Manifest: The captain of the ship completes this form showing the details of the passengers and good on board a ship.
6. Certificate of Insurance: This document shows that the goods in transit have been properly insured by the parties to the transaction.
7. Charter party: This is a contract between the owner of the ship and another person called the chatterer where the former (ship owner) agrees to let his ship or part of it to the chatterer for the purpose of carrying goods on a particular voyage or a specified period on a payment of certain sum as freight to the owner.
The contents of a charter party are;
- Name of shipowner
- Name of chatterer
- Name of ship
- Port of shipment
- Amount of freight
- Description of goods to be carried