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SS2: COMMERCE - 2ND TERM

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  1. Marine Insurance | Week 1
    3 Topics
  2. Non-insurable Risks | Week 2
    4 Topics
  3. Banking - Central Bank of Nigeria | Week 3
    3 Topics
    |
    2 Quizzes
  4. Types of Account | Week 4
    4 Topics
    |
    2 Quizzes
  5. Warehousing | Week 5
    1 Topic
    |
    1 Quiz
  6. Capital | Week 6
    2 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  7. Credit | Week 7
    3 Topics
    |
    3 Quizzes
  8. Profit | Week 8
    2 Topics
  9. Turnover | Week 9
    3 Topics
    |
    2 Quizzes
  10. Business Law | Week 10
    8 Topics



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Lesson 10, Topic 8
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Government Regulations of Business

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There are different rules and regulations laid down by the government to regulate and control business activities in a country. This is so in order to set a uniform standard for every business organization to follow. Some of these are:

1. Copyright: these are legal rights which writers, musicians, or artists have on their works. This, therefore, makes it illegal for anyone to either use a part or the whole of the work without permission.

2. Business Registration: it is mandatory by the companies Act to register with the corporate affairs commission before the commencement of its business, the corporate Affairs issues a certificate of incorporation and a certificate of trading before the organization can commence business. This is done to indicate its legal status.

3. Patent Right: the government grants this right to an inventor to exclude others from making, selling, or using his invention for a stipulated period of time. This is done to protect the inventor from being faked and prevents imitation of the invention.

4. Trade Mark: this refers to a special mark or symbol that has been officially registered by a firm to distinguish its products from others.

5. Publication of Account: the public liability companies (plc) are mandated to publish their annual accounts for the general public.

6. Standard weights and members: the government mandates all business organizations to make use of standard weights and measures for their products.

Reasons for Government Regulations

1. To create uniformity in the made of operations of companies.

2. To raise revenue (tax)  for the government.

3. To make adequate provision for the production of quality products.

4. To create industrial harmony which enhances peace between the employer and the employees.

5. To provide a regular supply of essential goods and services.

6. To promote the development of the country’s economy.

Evaluation Questions 

  1. Explain the commercial law; list its branches.
  2. List the rights and obligations of the employer to the employee and vice versa.
  3. Explain the full meaning of patent, trade mark and copyright.
  4. Who is an Agent (b) state at least three ways by which an agent can be contracted
  5. State five ways by which an agency contract can be terminated.
  6. Give five reason for government regulations of business.

Responses

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