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SS2: ENGLISH - 1ST TERM

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  1. SS2: English Language First Term – Week 1
    4 Topics
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    2 Quizzes
  2. SS2: English Language First Term – Week 2
    4 Topics
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    2 Quizzes
  3. SS2: English Language First Term – Week 3
    4 Topics
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    1 Quiz
  4. SS2: English Language First Term – Week 4
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    2 Quizzes
  5. SS2: English Language First Term – Week 5
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    2 Quizzes
  6. SS2: English Language First Term – Week 6
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    1 Quiz
  7. SS2: English Language First Term – Week 7
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    2 Quizzes
  8. SS2: English Language First Term – Week 8
    4 Topics
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    1 Quiz
  9. SS2: English Language First Term – Week 9
    5 Topics
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    3 Quizzes



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The Examination Pattern

In the examination, the question takes the following pattern:

The hardworking village carpenter…

i. What is the grammatical name given to the above expression?
ii. What is its function in the sentence?

The first question requires that you identify the expression either as a phrase or as a clause. You will notice that the expression: The hardworking village carpenter… has no predicate. It is therefore a phrase. You will, however, earn no marks at all if you simply identify the expression as a phrase. You must go ahead to tell the examiner what type of phrase it is – noun, adjectival prepositional, or adverbial.

Two things will help you to identify the expression correctly as a noun phrase. One, it begins with the. Two, you can replace the expression with a single noun – Kolo.

In identifying the function of the noun phrase:  The hardworking village carpenter … you must go back to the passage where you have the full sentence: The hardworking village carpenter makes good benches. Remember that a noun phrase may function as a subject or object or complement. A noun phrase that functions as a subject will answer the question: Who? Or What? Thus, ask yourself: Who makes good benches? The answer  – The hardworking village carpenter;

Again, you will earn no makes if you give the answer subject of the sentence. The examiner usually requires that you relate the function of the noun phrase to its verb. In the example above, the noun phrase The hardworking village carpenter functions as the subject of the verb makes.

It should be noted that a candidate who gives the answer subject of the verb also scores zero because he has failed to pinpoint the verb. Some sentences may have more than one subject and therefore more than one verb. You must always specify the verb that the noun phrase relates to.

Other Examples

1. The reader’s frame of mind is equally important -WASSCE, June, 1996.

The reader’s frame of mind …..

i. Grammatical Name: Noun Phrase
ii. Function: Subject of the verb ‘is’

2. Our new English teacher has reported for duty

i. Noun phrase
ii. Subject of the verb ‘has reported’

3. My new vegetable garden produces a lot of tomatoes.

i. Noun phrase
ii. Subject of the verb ‘produces’

Noun Phrase as Object:

The object of a sentence is the noun or pronoun that suffers the action of the verb. It is also the noun or pronoun that is acted upon.

Examples

1. The Principal punished Evelyn. (Evelyn is the object.)

2. He signed the documents. ( the documents were acted upon.)

3. The Principal punished the girl in torn clothes.
……. the girl in torn clothes

i. Grammatical Name: Noun phrase
ii. Function: Object of the Verb ‘punished’

4. He has married the barber’s younger daughter.

i. Noun phrase
ii. Object of the verb ‘has married’

5. The students visited the capital city of Nigeria.

i. Noun phrase
ii. Object of the verb ‘visited’

Noun Phrase as Complement:

 A complement is a word or word group used to complete the sense of an expression. There are two main types of complements – subject complement and object complement.

a. Subject Complement:

A noun phrase which functions as a subject complement refers back to the subject and has the same meaning with it.

1. Dr Sanusi became a commissioner for works in the new administration. (The noun phrase a commissioner for works is the same person as the subject Dr Sanusi. Therefore, a commissioner for works functions as a complement of the subject  Dr Sanusi.)

2. She is a good child of her parents…. (a good child of her parents complements the subject She.)

3. The judge remained  a staunch advocate of justice and fairplay all the years he was in service.  … a staunch advocate of justice and fairplay

i. Grammatical name: Noun Phrase
ii. Function: Complement of the subject The judge

b. Object Complement:

The object complement has the same meaning as the object.

Examples:

1. The community elected Charles the President of their welfare association. (The noun phrase the president of their welfare association complements the object, Charles.)

2. The vandals left the village a devastated and uninhabitable place. (…. a devastated and uninhabitable place complements the object, village.)    

References:

1. Oral English Without  Tears by I. Udoka
2. New Oxford Secondary English Course for SSS2 by Ayo Banjo et al.
3. Intensive English for SSS2 by B.O Oluikpe et al.
4. School Certificate English Language by I. Udoka. 

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