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SS2: ENGLISH - 1ST TERM

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  1. SS2: English Language First Term – Week 1
    4 Topics
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    2 Quizzes
  2. SS2: English Language First Term – Week 2
    4 Topics
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    2 Quizzes
  3. SS2: English Language First Term – Week 3
    4 Topics
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    1 Quiz
  4. SS2: English Language First Term – Week 4
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    2 Quizzes
  5. SS2: English Language First Term – Week 5
    4 Topics
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    2 Quizzes
  6. SS2: English Language First Term – Week 6
    4 Topics
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    1 Quiz
  7. SS2: English Language First Term – Week 7
    4 Topics
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    2 Quizzes
  8. SS2: English Language First Term – Week 8
    4 Topics
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    1 Quiz
  9. SS2: English Language First Term – Week 9
    5 Topics
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    3 Quizzes



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The expository essay is also called the explanatory or how-to essay. It is the type of essay in which you are required, not only to describe a thing, or a process, but also to fully explain it. It is important to note that the expository topic can be tested using various media. Consider the following examples:

(a) A friend of yours from another part of the country has written to you, expressing interest in marrying a girl from your village. Write a reply to his letter, informing him of the process involved in marrying the girl.                              –       WASSCE

(b) Write an article suitable for publication in an international magazine on nutrition, describing the process involved in the preparation of your favourite Nigerian dish.

–       WASSCE, November, 1997

(c) Write your entry in an essay competition on the topic: Hooliganism in Sports.

–       WASSCE, November, 1998

All three questions are expository. However, while Question (a) uses the medium of an informal letter, and Question (b) is a feature article, Question (c) is a plain essay. Whatever the medium, expository writing must communicate facts and ideas. Other forms of writing may add colour with suitable adjectives:, verbs and adverbs. In the expository essay, however, there is little room for embellishment. The qualities needed are clarity, precision and conciseness.

These qualities are especially important when you have to explain a process such as how:

(i) a machine or some equipment functions;

(ii) a local meal is prepared;

(iii) a meeting is organized; and

(iv) a proposed visitor to your area finds his way.

Features of Expository Essay:

1. Title:

The expository writing must have a title except when the test uses the medium of an informal letter

2. Introduction:

The introduction is presented in any of the following forms;

  • definition
  • illustration
  • order of sequence

3. Body:

The body consists of any one or a combination of the following:

  • facts
  • figures
  • details and explanations
  • examples

4. Conclusion:

The conclusion is usually a summary of facts stated in the body of the essay.

5. Name of Writer:

Write your full name at the end of the essay or just below the title.

Individual Activity:

Write out three expository essay questions and discuss with some of your classmates how to answer any one of them.  

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