Vocabulary Development: Words Associated with Health II
Very many things are involved in the provision of good medical care. People who are involved perform their duties in a hospital setting. It can be a general hospital, a specialist hospital or a teaching hospital.
A general hospital deals with patients who have general or common ailments e.g. malaria, fever, dysentery, injuries, wounds, stomach pains, measles, etc. A specialist hospital is a kind of hospital where people with illnesses of special nature are treated e.g. cancer, HIV/AIDS, diabetes, tuberculosis, Anaemia is when the body does not have enough healthy red blood cells or haemoglobin. Red blood cells and haemoglobin (the molecule in red blood cells that makes them red) are... More, heart attack, sickle cell anaemia, hypertension, etc. They are usually referral hospitals.
It is also possible to have a hospital for a particular age group or for a particular set of people e.g. paediatric hospital for children, psychiatric hospital for people with mental problems.
A teaching hospital also undertakes various types of research work. Teaching hospitals are referral hospitals too. People who go to the hospital to receive treatment are called patients. They may be out-patients (those who come from their homes to receive treatment) or in-patients (those who are admitted to a hospital).
There are many places or departments in a hospital. A few of them are casualty ward, emergency ward, surgical ward, out-patient department, intensive care unit, pharmacy, x-ray department, operating theatre, physiotherapy, blood bank, etc.
A visit to the hospital reveals that many people are connected with health care delivery. A few of them are: doctors (in various fields), surgeons, housemen, nurses, sisters, matrons, laboratory technologists, ward attendants, etc.
There are also many diseases or ailments requiring treatment. A few of them are: fever, malaria, stomach pains, headache, dysentery, cholera, ulcer, measles, smallpox, hypertension, heart attack, asthma, anaemia, food poisoning, venereal diseases, etc.
(Source: New Oxford Secondary English Course for SSS2)