Continuous Writing: Argumentative Writing – I
An argumentative essay is one that requires the writer to present a subject with a view to persuading the reader to agree with the writer’s point of view. The essence of the essay is an argument and it covers all forms of debate. An argument may be developed to prove a point or to present a viewpoint.
Examples of Argumentative Essay Questions.
1. You are the chief speaker in a school debate the topic of which is: ‘’Public Secondary Schools are better than the private ones’’.
Write your speech for or against the topic.
WASSCE, June, 1998.
2. You have been invited to participate in a debate the topic of which is: ‘’Free education is more advantageous than Paid Education’’.
Write your speech for or against the proposition.
NECO SSCE, 2000.
Use the vocatives such as
Panel of Judges,
Since you are not permitted to write on both sides of the argument, that is, to argue for and against, you must take a stand. Let your reader know from the onset your position. It would be wrong to keep him guessing. Therefore, use the introductory paragraph to state your position.
Ideas are very important in an argument. If you must convince somebody to accept your own viewpoint, then you must have very strong points. However, just having the points is not enough; there is a need to present them in an orderly and logical manner. You must give some consideration to the arguments of your opponents, but you must dismiss them with a more powerful argument
All through your essay, you must always bear in mind the presence of an immediate audience. The skillful use of language or oratorical technique will help you to accomplish this. For instance, moderate use of appropriate rhetorical questions is permissible; repetition and exaggeration may be employed to drive home your points; striking analogies and illustrations are useful; simple sentences should be used to ensure easy communication with your audience whose members are likely to come from various backgrounds.
The conclusion should contain a re-affirmation of your stand. Avoid concluding by mentioning an argument on the other side. Always conclude with a strong point of your own.
A youth club in your community is organizing an essay competition on the theme: ’Television has done more harm than good to Nigerian Youths.’’ Write your entry for or against the proposition.
1. Oral English Without Tears by I. Udoka.
2. New Oxford Secondary English Course for SSS 2 by Ayo Banjo et al
3. School Certificate English Language by I. Udoka
4. Intensive English for SSS 2 by B. O. Oluikpeet al.