Continuous Writing: Argumentative Writing – II
In our earlier lesson on argumentative writing, we explained that an argumentative essay is one that requires the writer to present a subject with a view to persuading the reader to agree with the writer’s point of view. We gave examples of argumentative essay questions and we discussed the formal features of an argumentative essay, namely, salutation, introduction, body, and conclusion. You were also assigned to write your entry for a competition on the topic: ‘’Television has done more harm than good to Nigerian Youths.’’
The following are two essays on the topic. Read them carefully.
1. Television Has Done More Harm than Good to Nigerian Youths.
Panel of Judges,
My name is Rowland Ogu from the Community Secondary School, Ugwuala. I am here to support the motion: ‘’Television has done more harm than good to Nigerian Youths.’’
Television is one of the modern inventions that is now found in every home all over the world. It is loved by both the young and the old all over the world. Its popularity raises the issue of whether its utility value is either harmful or beneficial to mankind. It is my view that television, in spite of its popularity, has done more harm than good to the Nigerian youth.
First, television consumes most of the time of Nigerian youths. Young people now view television from morning till night to the detriment of their school work or house chores. This attitude has led to poor performance in schools as the youths spend more time viewing television than studying.
Second, television is one of the causes of the rise in crime and promiscuity among Nigerian youths. Many of the programmes shown on television involve crime stories, nude persons, and sexual activities. Some of the Nigerian and foreign films shown on television are not suitable for the youths because they learn indecent behaviour from these indecent films.
Finally, television has led to the development of obesity among our youths. Before the advent of television, people spent their free time in outdoor activities such as racing, skipping, playing football, and other games which attract the interest of youths. Through such activities, the youths kept active and fit. But, with television, children now sit in their parlour from morning till night doing nothing but viewing the television. Some are so absorbed in the films they view that they even forget to eat. This inactive habit makes them lazy. As lazy young people, they accumulate fat in their system which eventually makes them become obese. From obesity, some of these young people develop diabetes, a disease that did not exist in the past among the youths.
I, therefore, strongly believe that television has done more harm than good to Nigerian youths.
2. Television Has Done More Harm than Good to Nigerian Youths.
Panel of Judges,
I am Stephen Adekoya of Owo Grammar School. Television is a very important and laudable invention of the modern age that has brought a lot of advantages to the world and especially to Nigerian youths. Television is a veritable instrument of entertainment, a source for news and information, and a means of stopping crime. I, therefore, strongly disagree with the view that television has done more harm than good to Nigerian youths.
Television is one of the greatest sources of entertainment. It provides musicals, films, documentaries, cartoons, talk shows and many other interesting programmes that entertain both the young and the old alike. Entertainment enables one to relax and to ease off the tensions of the day. This reduces stress and increases the life span of people. Hence, television is a sedative for calming the stress of daily life.
In addition to this, television is a source of news and information. We are now in a global village because of the speed by which communication takes place from one end of the earth to the other. One of the means of transmitting information is by television. No one would like to be ignorant of events around the world. A person who views television acquires knowledge. Hence, viewing television should be encouraged.
Moreover, youths occupy most of their time viewing the television. Thus, they do not have time to engage in anti-social activities for, as the saying goes, an idle mind is the devil’s workshop.
With the above argument, I strongly believe that television has NOT done more harm than good among Nigerian youths. Rather, it is a blessing to them.
Sources: Both essays were adapted from Intensive English For SSS 2.
Analyze the two essays and determine to what extent they conform to the demands of argumentative writing.
1. Oral Oxford Secondary English Course by I. Udoka.
2. New Oxford Secondary English Course for SSS2 by Ayo Banjo et al.
3. Intensive English for SSS2 by B.O. Oluikpeet al.
4. School Certificate English Language by I. Udoka.